Chemical Sciences

Prof. Robert Forster

Prof. Robert Forster
Name:Prof. Robert Forster
Phone Number5943
Department:Chemical Sciences
Room:X110
E-Mail Address:
Work Area:Physical Chemistry

Biographical Details:


Dec. 2000 - present Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry. Author of 73 original research papers, 4 invited review articles, and 8 book chapters and 1 book exclusively in top quality international journals such as the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Analytical Chemistry, Langmuir, the Journal of Physical Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry as well as in the Royal Society of Chemistry journals, Faraday Transactions and Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. Aug. 1994 - November 2000, Lecturer in Physical Chemistry, Dublin City University, Dublin 9. Sept. 1991 - Aug. 1994, Visiting scientist with Prof. L. R. Faulkner, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Research Interests:


NEW MATERIALS To pioneer the creation of novel materials that have useful electronic or photonic properties because they are highly ordered on the molecular length scale. These materials are rationally designed for applications in molecule-based electronics, display devices and sensors. NEW INSTRUMENTAL TECHNIQUES To take the lead in new experimental techniques to probe chemical reactivity under extreme conditions, e.g., in solids and at cryogenic temperatures, and at very short timescales. NEW THEORETICAL INSIGHTS To elucidate those factors that influence electron transfer. This fundamental work impacts our understanding of a wide variety of areas including biological membranes, corrosion, heterogeneous catalysis and the emerging area of molecule-based electronics.


Selected Peer Reviewed Journals


  • Prof. Robert J Forster. .
  • Zeng,Q.; Marthi,R.; McNally,A.; Dickinson,C.; Keyes,T. & Forster, R.J. 2010. Host-Guest Directed Assembly of Gold Nanoparticle Arrays. Langmuir, 26, 2, pp1325-1333.
  • Dennany,L.; Wallace,G.G.& Forster,R.J. 2009. Luminescent Metal Complexes within Polyelectrolyte Layers:Tuning Electron and Energy Transfer. Langmuir, 25, 24, pp14053-14060.
  • Dennany,L.;O'Reilly,E.;Innis,P.;Forster,R.J. & Wallace,G. 2009. Solid State Photochemistry Of Novel Composites containing Luminescent Metal Centers and Poly(2-Methoxyaniline-5-Sulfonic Acid). Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 113, 21, pp7443-7448.
  • Jose, B.; Steffan, R.; Neugebauer, U.; Sheridan, E.; Marthi, R.; Forster, R.J. & Keyes, T. 2009. Emission Enhancement within gold Spherical Nanocavity Arrays. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 11, 46, pp10923-10933.
  • Kaminska,A.; Forster,R.J. & Keyes,T. 2009. The impact of adsorption of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor on CTAB-protected gold nanoparticle arrays: a Rama spectroscopic comparison with solution denaturation. Journal Of Raman Spectroscopy,
  • McNally,A.; Forster,R.J. & Keyes, T. 2009. Interfacial Supramolecular Cyclodextrin-Fullerene Assemblies:Host Reorientation and Guest Stabilization. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 11, , pp848-856.
  • Pellegrin,Y.; Forster,R.J. & Keyes, T. 2009. pH Dependent photophysics and role of medium on photoinduced electron transter between ruthenium polypyridyl complex and anthraquinone. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 362, 6, pp1715-1722.
  • Dennany, L.; O¿Reilly, E. J.; Innis, P. C.; Wallace, G. G.; Forster, R. J. 2008. The influence of poly(2-methoxyaniline-5-sulfonic acid) on the electrochemical and photochemical properties of a highly luminescent ruthenium complex. Electrochimica Acta, 53, 20, pp4599-4605.
  • Kaminska, A.; Inya-Agha, O.; Forster, R.J; Keyes, T.E. 2008. Chemically bound gold nanoparticle arrays on silicon: assembly, properties and SERS study of protein interactions,. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 10, , pp4172-4180.
  • L. Dennany, P, Innis, G. Wallace, R. J. Forster. 2008. Reversible Photoinduced Electron Transfer In A Ruthenium Poly(2-Methoxyaniline-5-Sulfonic Acid) Composite Film. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 112, 41, pp12907-12912.
  • L. Dennany, T. E. Keyes and R. J. Forster. 2008. Surface Confinement and its Effects on the Luminescence Quenching of a Ruthenium-containing Metallopolymer,. The Analyst (print), 133, , pp753-.
  • Mallon, C. T.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2008. Hg-Pt Tunneling Junctions Incorporating Host-Guest Complexes. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 130, , pp10002-.
  • Pellegrin, Y.; Forster, R. J. ; Keyes, T. E. 2008. pH Dependent Photophysics and Role of Medium on Photoinduced Electron Transfer Between Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complex and Anthraquinone,. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 27, 6, pp1690-1698.
  • Sewell, G.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2008. Influence of Steric Confinement within Zeolite Y on Photoinduced Energy Transfer between [Ru(bpy)3]2+ and Iron Polypyridyl Complexes Sewell. Journal Of Physical Chemistry A, 112, 5, pp880-888.
  • Spehar-Deleze, A.-M.; Pellegrin, Y.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2008. Electrochemiluminescent Metallopolymers : Tuning the Emission Wavelength by Energy Transfer Between Two Bound Centres,. Electrochemistry Communications, 10, , pp984-.
  • Venkatanarayanan, A.; Spehar-Délèze, A. M.; Dennany, L.; Pellegrin, Y.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2008. Ruthenium Aminophenanthroline Metallopolymer Films Electropolymerized from an Ionic Liquid: Deposition and Electrochemical and Photonic Properties. Langmuir, 24, 19, pp11233-11238.
  • Y. Pellegrin, U. Neugebauer, M. Devocelle, R. J. Forster, W. Signac, N. Moran, and T. E. Keyes. 2008. Ruthenium Polypyridyl Peptide Conjugates: Membrane Permeable Probes for Cellular Imaging. Chemical Communications (print), , pp5307-.
  • Zeng, Q.; McNally, A.; Keyes, T. E. and Forster, R. J. 2008. Three Colour Electrochromic Metallopolymer Based on a Ruthenium Phenolate Complex Bound to Poly(4-vinyl)Pyridine,. Electrochemistry Communications, 10, , pp466-470.
  • Yann Pellegrin , Ute Neugebauer , Marc Devocelle , Robert J. Forster , William Signac , Niamh Moran , Tia E. Keyes. 2008. Ruthenium polypyridyl peptide conjugates: membrane permeable probes for cellular imaging. 2008,, pp5307-5309.
  • Agnieszka Kaminska , Inya-Agha Obianuju , Robert J. Forster , Tia E. Keyes. 2008. Chemically bound gold nanoparticle arrays on silicon: assembly, properties and SERS study of protein interactions. 10,, pp4172-4180.
  • Atmeh, M.; Russell, N. R.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2007. The Photophysics of a Luminescent Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complex with Pendant ¿Ò-cylodextrin; pH Modulation of Lifetime and Photoinduced Electron Transfer. J. Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry, 57, pp607-612.
  • Bertoncello, P.; Dennany, L.; Forster, R. J. and Unwin, P. R. 2007. 101. Nafion−Tris(2-2`-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) Ultrathin Langmuir−Schaefer Films: Redox Catalysis and Electrochemiluminescent Properties. Analytical Chemistry, 79, , pp7549-7553.
  • Campagnoli, E.; Hjelm, J.; Sjödin, M.; Pikramenou, Z.; Forster, R. J. 2007. Adsorption Dynamics and Electrochemical Properties of Thiolated Cobalt Terpyridine Monolayers. Electrochimica Acta, 52, 24, pp6692-6699.
  • Carolan, N.; Forster, R. J.; Ó¿Fágáin, C. 2007. Electron Transfer Mediation to Redox Enzymes : Covalent Attachment of Ferrocene to Soybean Peroxidase. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 18, 2, pp524-529.
  • Forster, R. J.; Pellegrin, Y and Keyes, T. E. 2007. pH Effects on the Rate of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer across a Fluorine Doped Tin Oxide/Monolayer Interface. Electrochemistry Communications, 9, 8, pp1899-1906.
  • Forster, R. J.; Pellegrin, Y.; Leane, D.; Brennan, J. L.; Keyes, T. E. 2007. Effect of Deposition Time on the Orientation of [Ru(bpy)2Qbpy]2+ Adsorbed on Platinum,. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 111, 5, pp2063-2068.
  • Innis, P. C.; Masdarolomoor, F.; Kane-Maguire, L. A. P.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E.; Wallace, G. G. 2007. 102. Chemical and Photoluminescence Properties of Purified Poly(2-methoxyaniline-5-sulfonic acid) and Oligomer. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 111, 44, pp12738-12747.
  • Inya-Agha, O.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2007. Non-Invasive Noble Metal Nanoparticle Arrays For Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Proteins. SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6450, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine IV, Tuan Vo-Dinh; Joseph R. Lakowicz, Editors
  • Mallon, C. T.; Campagnoli, E.; Pikramenou, Z.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2007. Monolayers of ã-CD on platinum using di-pyridyl surface linkers; characterization and molecular recognition properties. Langmuir, 23, 13, pp6997-7002.
  • Sheridan, E.; Hjelm, J. and Forster, R. J. 2007. Electrodeposition of Gold Nanoparticles on Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide : Control of Particle Density & Size Distribution. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 608, 1, pp1-7.
  • Sheridan, E.; Hjelm, J. and Forster, R. J. 2007. Electrodeposition of Gold Nanoparticles on Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide : Control of Particle Density & Size Distribution. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 608, 1, pp1-7.
  • Sheridan, E.; Inya-Agha, O.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2007. Electrodeposited noble metal SERS: Control of single nanoparticle size and control of array interparticle spacing. SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 6450,,
  • Walsh, G.; Leane, D.; Moran, N.; Keyes, T.; Forster, R.; Kenny, D.; O¿Neill, S.,. 2007. S-Nitrosylation of Platelet áIIbâ3 As Revealed by Raman Spectroscopy. Biochemistry, 46, , pp6429-6436.
  • Atmeh, M.; Russell, N. R.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. J. 2006. The Photophysics of a Luminescent Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complex with Pendant b-cylodextrin; pH Modulation of Lifetime and Photoinduced Electron Transfer. Journal Of Inclusion Phenomena And Molecular Recognition In Chem, in press 2006,
  • Bertoncello, P.; Pikramenou, Z.; Unwin P. R.; Forster, R. J,. 2006. Adsorption Dynamics, Electrochemical and Electrochemiluminescence Properties of Thiolated Ruthenium 2,2´-Bipyridine Monolayers. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, 110, 20, pp10063-10069.
  • Campagnoli, E.; Hjelm, J.; Sjödin, M.; Pikramenou, Z.; Forster, R. J. 2006. Adsorption Dynamics and Electrochemical Properties of Thiolated Cobalt Terpyridine Monolayers. Submitted November 2006,
  • Carolan, N.; Forster, R. J.; Ó¿Fágáin, C. 2006. Electron Transfer Mediation to Redox Enzymes : Covalent Attachment of Ferrocene to Soybean Peroxidase. Bioconjugate Chemistry, Submitted September 2006,
  • Dennany, L.; Forster, R. J. 2006. Luminescence Quenching of a Ruthenium Containing Metallopolymer: Solution vs. Thin Film Behavior. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, Submitted November 2006,
  • Dennany, L.; Hogan, C. F.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2006. Effect Of Surface Immobilization on the Electrochemiluminescence Of Ruthenium Containing Metallopolymers. Analytical Chemistry, 78, 5, pp1412-1417.
  • Dennany, l.; O¿Reilly, E.; Forster, R. J. 2006. Electrochemiluminescent Monolayers On Fluorine Doped Tin Oxide: Detection Of Amino Acids. Electrochemistry Communications, 8, , pp1588-1588.
  • Forster, R. J.; Pellegrin, Y.; Leane, D.; Brennan, J. L.; Keyes, T. E. 2006. Effect of Deposition Time on the Orientation of [Ru(bpy)2Qbpy]2+ Adsorbed on Platinum. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, In press 2006,
  • Innis, P. C.; Masdarolomoor, F.; Kane-Maguire, L. A. P.; Keyes, T.; R. Forster and Wallace, G. G., Macromolecules, submitted September 2006. 2006. Photochemical Properties of Purified Poly(2-Methoxyaniline-5-Sulfonate) and the Influence of pH, Oxidation State and Oligomeric Impurities. Macromolecules, submitted September 2006.,
  • L. Dennany, E.J. O¿Reilly, F. Masdarolomoor, P.C. Innis, G.G. Wallace and Robert J. Forster. 2006. The Influence of Poly(2-Methoxyaniline-5-Sulfonic Acid) on the Electrochemical And Photochemical Properties Of A Highly Luminescent Ruthenium Complex.
  • Mallon, C. T.; Campagnoli, E.; Pikramenou, Z.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2006. Monolayers of γ-CD on platinum using di-pyridyl surface linkers; characterization and molecular recognition properties. Langmuir, submitted December 2006.,
  • McNally, Andrea; Forster, Robert J.;. Russell, Noel R; Keyes, Tia E. 2006. Fullerene Bridged Metallocyclodextrin Donor-Acceptor Complexes: Optical Spectroscopy And Photophysics. Journal Of The Chemical Society-dalton Transactions, 14, , pp1729-1737.
  • O¿Connor, M. B.; Killard, A. J.; O¿Kennedy, R.; Forster, R. J.; Smyth M. R. 2006. Production and characterization of a polyclonal antibody for Os(II) and Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes. Journal Of Inorganic Biochemistry, 100, , pp1252-1259.
  • O¿Reilly, E. J.; Dennany, L.; Griffith, D.; Moser, F.; Keyes T.; Forster, R. J. 2006. Electrochemiluminescent, Redox and Photophysical Properties of Conjugated Ruthenium containing Metallopolymers. in preparation,
  • Pellegrin, Y.; Forster, R. J. ; Keyes, T. E. 2006. pH Modulated Photo-induced Electron Transfer in a {[Ruthenium-Adamantyl] ¿ [b-cyclodextrin]} Inclusion Complex. Chemical Communications (print), Submitted October 2006.,
  • Prof. Robert J Forster; Brennan, J. L. and Keyes, T. E. 2006. Photonic and Electrochemical Properties of Absorbed [Ru(dpp)2(Qbpy)]2+ Luminophores. Langmuir, In press, Special Issue on Electrochemistry
  • Sheridan, E.; Hjelm, J. and Forster, R. J. 2006. Electrodeposition of Gold Nanoparticles on Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide : Control of Particle Density & Size Distribution. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, In press 2006,
  • Walsh, G.; Leane, D.; Moran, N.; Keyes, T.; Forster, R.; Kenny, D.; O¿Neill, S. 2006. Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Reveals Modification of Platelet aIIbb3 By Nitric Oxide. Biophysical Journal, submitted October 2006.,
  • M¿¿ire B. O'Connor , Anthony J. Killard , Richard O'Kennedy , Robert J. Forster , Malcolm R. Smyth. 2006. Production and characterization of a polyclonal antibody fornext term Os(II) and Ru(II) polypyridyl complexes. Journal Of Inorganic Biochemistry, 100,, pp1252-1259.
  • Hjelm, J.; Handel, R. W.; Hagfeldt, A.; Constable, E. C.; Housecroft, C. E.; Forster, R. J. 2005. Conducting Polymers Containing In-Chain Metal Centers: Electropolymerisation of Oligothienyl-substituted {M(tpy)2} Complexes and In-situ Conductivity Studies, M = Os(II), Ru(II). Journal Of Inorganic Biochemistry, 44, 4, pp1073-1081.
  • Robert J. Forster, Tia E. Keyes, Lynn Dennany, Michael Seery. 2005. Luminescence Properties of Metallopolymer-Gold Nanoparticle Composites. Optical Engineering,
  • Seery, Michael K.; Fay, Nigel; McCormac, Timothy; Dempsey, Eithne; Forster, Robert J; Keyes, Tia E. 2005. Photophysics of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes formed with lacunary polyoxotungstates with iron addenda. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 7, , pp3426-3433.
  • Brady, I.; Leane, D.; Hughes, H. P.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2004. Electronic properties of Ru(II) complexes bound to a bisphenolate bridge with low lying p* orbitals. Journal Of The Chemical Society-dalton Transactions, , pp334-341.
  • Dennany, L.; Forster, R. J.; White, B.; Smyth, M.; Rusling, J.F. 2004. Direct Electrochemiluminescence Detection of Oxidized DNA in Ultrathin Films containing [Os(bpy)2(PVP)10]2+ Polymer. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 126, 28, pp8841-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Iqbal, J.; Hjelm, J.; Keyes, T. E.,. 2004. Solvent Effects on Charge Transport Through Solid Deposits of [Os(4,4'-Diphenyl-2,2'-dipyridyl)2Cl2]. The Analyst (print), 129, 12, pp1186-1192.
  • Forster, R. J.; Mulledy, D.; Walsh, D. A.; Keyes, T. E. 2004. Impact of Ion Solvation on Charge Transport Through [Os(bpy)2 (H2tzt) Cl]+ In the Solid State. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 6, 13, pp3551-3556.
  • Forster, R. J.; Walsh, D.; Mano, N.; Mao, F. and Heller, A. J. 2004. Modulating the Redox Properties of an Osmium-Containing Metallopolymer Through the Supporting Electrolyte and Crosslinking. Langmuir, 20, 3, pp862-868.
  • Hjelm, J.; Handel, R. W.; Hagfeldt, A.; Constable, EC.; Housecroft, C. E.; Forster, R. J. 2004. Electropolymerisation dynamics of a highly conducting metallopolymer: poly-[Os(4 '-(5-(2,2 '-bithienyl))-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine)2]2+. Electrochemistry Communications, 6, 2, pp193-200.
  • O'Connor, M.; Kim, S. N.; Killard, A. J.; Forster, R. J.; Smyth, M. R.; Papadimitrakopoulos F.; Rusling, J. F. 2004. Mediated Amperometric Immunosensing Using Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Forests. The Analyst (print), 129, 12, pp1176-1180.
  • Ramírez-García, S.; Alegret, S.; Céspedes, F.; Forster, R. J. 2004. Carbon Composite Microelectrodes : Charge Percolation and Electroanalytical Performance. Analytical Chemistry, 76, 3, pp503-512.
  • Seery, M. K.; Guerin, L.; Forster, R. J.; Gicquel, E.; Hultgren, V.; Bond,A. M.; Wedd, A. J; Keyes, T. E. 2004. Photophysics of Ion Clusters Formed between [Ru(bpy)3]2+ and the Polyoxotungstate Anion [S2W18O62]4. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, 108, 36, pp7399-7405.
  • Walsh, D. A.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2004. Modulation of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics across the Electrode/Monolayer Interface. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 108, , pp2631-2631.
  • M¿¿ire B. O'Connor , Sang Nyon Kim , Anthony J. Killard , Robert J. Forster , Malcolm R. Smyth , Fotios Papadimitrakopoulos , James F. Rusling. 2004. Mediated amperometric immunosensing using single walled carbon nanotube forests. The Analyst (print), 129,, pp1176-1180.
  • Brennan, J. L. and Forster, R. J. 2003. Laser Light and Electrodes : Interaction Mechanisms and Electroanalytical Applications. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 107(35),, pp9344-9350.
  • Forster, R. J. Keane, L. 2003. Nanoparticle ¿ Metallopolymer Assemblies : Charge Percolation and Redox Properties. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 554-555,, pp345-355.
  • J. Hjelm, R. Handel, A. Hagfeldt, E. C. Constable,C. E. Housecroft, R. J. Forster. 2003. Conducting Polymers Containing In-Chain Metal Centers : Homogeneous Charge Transport Through A Tetrathienyl-Bridged Os Bis Terpyridine Polymer. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 107(38),, pp10431-10439.
  • Keyes, T. E.; Gicquel, E.; Guerin, L.; Hultgren, V.; Bond, A. M.; Wedd, A. G. and Forster, R. J. 2003. Photophysical and Novel Charge Transfer Properties of Adducts between [RuII(bpy)3]2+ and [S2Mo18O62]4-. Inorganic Chemistry, 42, 24, pp7897-7905.
  • L. Dennany, R. J. Forster and J. F. Rusling. 2003. Simultaneous Direct Electrochemiluminescence and Catalytic Voltammetry Detection of DNA in Ultrathin Films. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 125(17),, pp5213-5218.
  • Williams, E.; Pividori, M. I.; Merkoc, A.; Forster, R. J.; Alegret, S. 2003. Rapid Electrochemical Genosensor Assay Using a Streptavidin Carbon-Polymer Biocomposite Electrode. Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 19, 3, pp165-175.
  • Brennan J. L., Howlett, M.; Forster, R. J. 2002. Ground vs. Excited State Electron Transfer: From Adsorbed Monolayers to Trimers in Solution. Journal Of The Chemical Society-faraday Transactions, 121,, pp391-403.
  • Keyes, T. E.; Leane, D.; Forster, R. J.; Coates, C. G.; McGarvey, J. J.; Nieuwenhuyzen, M. N; Figgemeir, E.; Vos, J. G. 2002. Redox and Spectroscopic Orbitals in Ru(II) and Os(II) Phenolate Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 41(22),, pp5721-5732.
  • Ramirez-Garcia, S.; Alegret, S.; Forster, R. J. 2002. Carbon Composite Electrodes : Surface and Electrochemical Properties. The Analyst (print), 127(11),, pp1512-1519.
  • Walsh, D. A.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J. 2002. Redox Switching in Solid Deposits : Triazole Bridged Osmium Dimers. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 538,, pp75-85.
  • Forster, R. J., O'Kelly, J. P. 2001. Electrochemical Properties of Anthraquinone-2,7-Disulphonic Acid in Solution and as Adsorbed Monolayers. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 498,, pp127-.
  • Forster, R. J., O'Kelly, J. P. 2001. Dynamics of [Os(bpy)2 (p3p)2]2+ Adsorption and Desorption on Platinum and Gold Microelectrodes. Journal Of The Electrochemical Society, 148,, ppE31-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2001. Solid-Deposits of Osmium Bis-bipyridyl Triazole Chloride: Redox Properties and Electrocrystallisation. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 3,, pp1336-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2001. Tetrazine Bridged Osmium Dimers : Electrochemical vs. Photoinduced Electron Transfer. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 105,, pp8829-*.
  • Keane, L.; Hogan, C.; Forster, R. J. 2001. Dynamics of charge transport through osmium tris dimethoxy bipyridyl solid deposits. Langmuir, 18,, pp4826-4833.
  • Keyes; T. E., Forster, R. J., Bond; A. M. 2001. Proton and Electron Transfer Through Solid Deposits of Organic Co-Crystals. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 123,, pp2877-.
  • Van Hoof, N.; Russell, N. R.; Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2001. Preparation of a Novel Biomimetic b-CD-Dimanganese Complex with Covalently Bound Photosensitizer. Chemical Communications (print), *,, pp1156-*.
  • Walsh; D. A., Keyes; T. E., Hogan; C. F., Forster, R. J. 2001. Protonation Effects on Superexchange Across Gold / Osmium Bis-bipyridyl Tetrazine Chloride Monolayer Interfaces. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, 105, , pp2792-.
  • Bond, A. M.; Marken, F.; Williams, C. T.; Beattie, D. A.; Keyes, T. E.; Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 2000. Unusually Fast Electron and Anion Transport Processes Observed in the Oxidation of "Electrochemically Open" Microcrystalline [{M(bpy)2}{M'(bpy)2}(m-L)](PF6)2 Complexes (M, M' = Ru, Os; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridyl; L = 1,4-dihydroxy-2-5-bis(pyrazol-1-yl)-benzene) at a Solid Electrode-Aqueous Electrolyte Interface. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 104,, pp1977-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Figgemeier, E.; Lees, A. C.; Hjelm, J.; Vos, J. G. 2000. Photostability, Electrochemistry and Monolayers of [M(bpy)2 trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene L]+; M = Ru, Os; L = Cl, H2O. Langmuir, 16,, pp7867-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Hogan, C. F. 2000. Electrochemiluminescent Metallopolymer Coatings: Combined Light and Current Detection in Flow Injection Analysis. Analytical Chemistry, 72,, pp5576-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E.; Bond, A. M. 2000. Protonation Effects on the Structure and Homogeneous Charge Transport Dynamics of Solid-State Osmium Bis-bipyridyl Tetrazine Chloride Films. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 104,, pp6389-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E.; Farrell, M.; O'Hanlon, D. 2000. Impact of Hydrogen Bonding on the Redox Properties of 1-Amino-2-Sulphonic-4-Hydroxy -Anthraquionone Monolayers. Langmuir, 16,, pp9871-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E.; Majda, M. 2000. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics of Osmium-Containing Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 104,, pp4425-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Loughman, P. J., Keyes, T. E. 2000. Effect of Electrode Density of States on the Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics of Osmium Containing Monolayers. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 122,, pp11948-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Loughman, P. J.; Figgemeier, E.; Lees, A. C.; Hjelm, J.; Vos, J. G. 2000. Conjugated vs. Non-Conjugated Bridges : Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics of Osmium Polypyridyl Monolayers. Langmuir, 16,, pp7871-.
  • O'Hanlon, D.; Forster, R. J. 2000. Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding: Two-Component Anthraquinone Monolayers. Langmuir, 16,, pp702-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1999. Mechanism and Kinetics of Homogeneous 1-Methyl-Carbamidopyridinyl Radical Reactions. Pccp Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 1,, pp1543-.
  • Hogan, C. P.; Forster, R. J. 1999. Mediated Electron Transfer for Electroanalysis: Transport and Kinetics in Thin Films of [Ru(bpy)2PVP10](ClO4)2. 396,, pp13-.
  • Forster, R. J. and Keyes, T. E. 1998. Redox Properties of Ground and Electronically Excited States: [Ru(bpy)2 Qbpy]2+ Monolayers. Journal Of Physical Chemistry B, 102,, pp10004-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. and Keyes, T. E. 1998. Hole Superexchange Across a Triazole Bridged Osmium Monolayer/Electrode Interface. The Analyst (print), 123,, pp1905-.
  • Keyes, T. E., Forster, R. J.; Jayaweera, P. M.; Coates, C. G.; McGarvey, J. J.; Vos, J. G. 1998. Modulation of Electronic Coupling Across Dioxolene Bridged Osmium and Ruthenium Dimers. Inorganic Chemistry, 22,, pp5925-.
  • O'Kelly, J. P.; Forster, R. J. 1998. Potential Dependent Adsorption of 2,7-Anthraquinonedisulponate on Mercury. The Analyst (print), 123,, pp1987-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1997. Coupled Proton and Electron Transfer at Adsorbed Anthraquinone-2-carboxylic Acid Monolayers. Journal Of The Electrochemical Society, 144,, pp1165-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1996. Heterogeneous Kinetics of Metal and Ligand Based Redox Reactions Within Adsorbed Monolayers. Inorganic Chemistry, 35,, pp3394-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1996. Kinetic Separation of Amperometric Sensor Responses. The Analyst (print), 121,, pp733-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1996. Reversibly Adsorbed Monolayers on Microelectrodes: Effect of Potential on the Adsorption Thermodynamics. Analytical Chemistry, 68,, pp3143-.
  • Forster, R. J.; O'Kelly, J. P. 1996. pH Modulated Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Across Metal/Monolayer Interfaces. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, 100,, pp3695-.
  • Forster, R. J.; O¿Kelly, J. P. 1996. pH Modulated Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Across Metal/Monolayer Interfaces. Journal Of Physical Chemistry, 100, , pp3695-.
  • R. J. Forster. 1996. Time-Resolved Electroanalysis of Adsorbed Monolayers. Journal Of The Electrochemical Society, 96,, pp65-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1995. Electron Transfer Dynamics and Surface Coverages of Binary Anthraquinone Monolayers on Mercury Microelectrodes. Langmuir, 11,, pp2247-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Faulkner, L. R. 1995. Kinetic Separation of Faradaic Currents: Binary Monolayers as Model Systems. Analytical Chemistry, 67,, pp1232-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Faulkner, L. R. 1995. Interfacial Field Effects on Reductive Chloride Elimination From Spontaneously Adsorbed Monolayers. Langmuir, 11,, pp1014-.
  • Vos, J. G.; Forster, R. J.; Hillman, A. R. 1995. Matrix Structure And Electron-Transfer Dynamics Of Electroactive Hydrogels. Abstract Of Papers Of The American Chemical Society, 210,
  • Forster, R. J. ; Faulkner, L. R. 1994. Electrochemistry of Spontaneously Adsorbed Monolayers. Equilibrium Properties and Fundamental Electron Transfer Characteristics. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 116,, pp5444-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Faulkner, L. R. 1994. Electrochemistry of Spontaneously Adsorbed Monolayers. Effects of Solvent, Potential, and Temperature on Electron Transfer Dynamics. Journal Of The American Chemical Society, 116,, pp5453-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1994. Ionic Interactions and Charge Transport Properties of Metallopolymer Films on Electrodes. Langmuir, 10,, pp4330-.
  • Diamond, D.; Forster, R. J. 1993. Robust Estimation of Selectivity Coefficients Using Multivariate Calibration of Ion-Selective Electrode Arrays.. 276,, pp75-.
  • Fennema, B. D.; Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G.; Hughes, G.; Diamond, D. 1993. Obtaining and Processing Data from Laboratory Instruments. Part I : Getting the Data into the WINDOWS Environment. Trac-trends In Analytical Chemistry, 12,, pp1-.
  • Fennema, B. D.; Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G.; Hughes, G.; Diamond, D. 1993. Obtaining and Processing Data from Laboratory Instruments. Part II : Processing the data Using EXCEL. Trac-trends In Analytical Chemistry, 12,, pp37-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1993. Charge Transport Properties of Electrodes Modified with Osmium Containing Polymer Films. 385,, pp615-.
  • Doherty, A. P.; Forster, R. J.; Smyth, M. R.; Vos, J. G. 1992. Speciation of Iron (II) and Iron (III) Using a Dual Electrode Modified with Electrocatalytic Polymers. Analytical Chemistry, 64,, pp572-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Diamond, D. 1992. Nonlinear Calibration of Ion-selective Arrays for Flow Injection Analysis. Analytical Chemistry, 64,, pp1721-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1992. The Influence of Active Site Loading, Electrolyte Composition and Temperature on Charge Transfer Reactions of Poly(N-vinylimidazole) Films Containing Pendant [Os(bipy)2Cl]+ Moieties. Journal Of The Electrochemical Society, 139,, pp1503-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1992. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Charge Transfer Dynamics of [Os(bipy)2(PVP)nCl]Cl Films in Neutral pH Electrolytes. Electrochimica Acta, 37,, pp159-.
  • Brown, N. M. D.; You, H. X.; Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1991. A Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy Study of an Osmium Containing Metallopolymer ([Os(bipy)2(PVP)10Cl]Cl) Film on Polycrystalline Graphitic Carbon Electrodes. Journal Of Materials Chemistry (print), 1,, pp517-.
  • Doherty, A. P.; Forster, R. J.; Smyth, M. R.; Vos, J. G. 1991. The Development of a Sensor for the Detection of Nitrite Using a Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified with the Electrocatalyst [Os(bipy)2(PVP)10Cl]Cl. 255,, pp45-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Cadogan, A.; Telting-Diaz, M.; Diamond, D. 1991. Calixarenes as Active Agents for Analysis. Sensors And Actuators B-chemical, 4,, pp325-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Regan, F.; Diamond, D. 1991. Modelling of Potentiometric Electrode Arrays for Multicomponent Analysis. Analytical Chemistry, 63,, pp876-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1991. The Effect of Supporting Electrolyte on the Mediated Reduction of [Fe(H2O)6]3+ by Osmium Containing Poly(vinylpyridine) Films. Journal Of The Chemical Society-faraday Transactions, 87,, pp1863-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1991. Charge Transport Properties of Poly(N-vinylimidazole) Polymers Containing [Os(N6)]2+/3+ Moieties. 1,, pp67-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1991. Redox Site, Electrolyte Concentration and Temperature Effects on Charge Transport and Electrode Kinetics of Osmium Containing Poly(4-vinylpyridine) Films in Sulphuric Acid. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 314,, pp135-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G.; Lyons, M. E. G. 1991. Controlling Processes in the Rate of Charge Transport Through [Os(bipy)2(PVP)nCl]Cl Redox Polymer Modified Electrodes. Journal Of The Chemical Society-faraday Transactions, 23,, pp3761-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G.; Lyons, M. E. G.. 1991. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer at Glassy Carbon/Osmium Containing Metallopolymer Interfaces. Journal Of The Chemical Society-faraday Transactions, 23,, pp3769-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Boyle, A.; Vos, J. G.; Hage, R.; Dijkhuis, A. H. J.; De Graff, R. A. G.; Haasnoot, J. G.; Prins, R.; Reedijk,. 1990. 2. Synthesis, Characterization, Reactivity and X-ray Structure of cis-Carbonylchlorobis [1-methyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazole-N4N']ruthenium Hexaflurophosphate. Journal Of The Chemical Society-dalton Transactions,, pp121-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G. 1990. Synthesis, Characterisation and Properties of a Series of Osmium and Ruthenium Containing Metallopolymers. Macromolecules, 23,, pp4372-.
  • Kelly, A. J.; Ohsaka, T.; Oyama, N.; Forster, R. J.; Vos, J. G.. 1990. Determination of In-situ Solvent Transport by Isotopic Substitution in an Osmium Polymer Film Using a Quartz Crystal Microbalance. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 287,, pp185-.
  • Wang, R.; Forster, R. J.; Clarke, A.; Vos, J. G. 1990. Electrodeposition of Silver onto [Os(bipy)2PVP10Cl]Cl Modified Electrodes. Electrochimica Acta, 35,, pp985-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Kelly, A. J.; Vos, J. G.; Lyons, M. E. G. 1989. The Effect of Supporting Electrolyte and Temperature on the Rate of Charge Propagation Through Thin Films of [Os(bpy)2PVP10Cl]Cl Coated on Stationary Electrodes. Journal Of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 270,, pp365-.

Selected Books


  • Forster, R. J. Interfacial Supramolecular Assemblies, Wiley, 2001.

Selected Chapters


  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E.; Blackledge, C. Transient spectroscopy of Inorganic Complexes.
  • Forster, R.J.; Bertoncello, P. Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-based Detection Methods: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Vol 24
  • Forster, R. J.; Bertoncello, P; Keyes, T. E. 2009. Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry Vol 2
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2009. Photonic Interfacial Supramolecular Assemblies Incorporating Transition Metals.
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2006. ¿Microelectrodes : Fundamentals and Applications¿. Handbook of Electrochemistry
  • Forster, R. J.; Keyes, T. E. 2006. Spectroelectrochemistry. Handbook of Electrochemistry
  • Forster, R. J. 2003. Microelectrodes- Pushing the Boundaries of Electrochemistry. Encyclopedia of Electrochemistry, pp160-195.
  • Forster, R. J. and Walsh, D. A. 2003. ¿Cyclic Voltammetry of Organic Compounds¿. ¿Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry¿ Third Edition
  • Forster, R. J. and Walsh, D. A. 2003. Cyclic Voltammetry. ¿Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry¿,Third Edition
  • Forster, R. J. 2001. Modular Courses on Modern Sensors - part of the Leonardo da Vinci Education Project "SENSOR¿. Electrochemical Sensors
  • Forster, R. J. 2001. Ultrafast Electrochemical Techniques. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, pp10142-.
  • Forster, R. J. 2001. Microelectrodes- Retrospect and Prospect. Encyclopedia of Electrochemistry
  • Forster, R. J. and Keyes, T. E. 2001. Ion Selective Electrode for Environmental Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry
  • Forster, R. J. 1998. Miniaturized Chemical Sensors. Principles of Chemical and Biological Sensors
  • Forster, R. J; Vos, J. G. 1992. Theory and Analytical Applications of Modified Electrodes. Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, pp465-.

Reviews


  • Forster, R. J. 2006. ¿Ultrafast Electrochemical Techniques¿,. pp10142-10171.
  • Forster, R. J. 2000. Hopping Across Interfaces : Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics. Journal Of The Electrochemical Society, 9, pp24-.
  • Forster, R. J.; Diamond, D. 1996. Miniaturized Chemical Sensors. Analytical Communications, 33, pp1H-.
  • Forster, R. J. 1994. Microelectrodes: New Dimensions in Electrochemistry. Chemical Society Reviews, pp289-.

Conferences:


  • Robert J. Forster,, Ultrafast Electrochemistry: From the Detection of Fleeting Intermediates to Electroanalysis., Ultrafast Electrochemistry: From the Detection of Fleeting Intermediates to Electroanalysis.Sponser by Roche., - , Department of Chemistry, University College Galway.
  • Robert J. Forster and Joseph P. O¿Kelly. Oral presentation at , March 1-5, 1998, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA., Potential Dependent Adsorption of Anthraquinone Monolayers., Pittcon¿98, - ,
  • Robert J.Forster, , IASTED International Conference on Nanotechnology and Applications(NANA), 01-JAN-09 - 31-DEC-09,
  • Robert J.Forster, , Masterclass on fluorescence lifetime imaging and Raman imaging/mapping, 01-MAY-08 - ,
  • Robert J.Forster, Co-Organiser, Symposium on Vibrational Spectroscopy, 17-APR-08 - 18-APR-08, DCU
  • Reena.Marthi, Tia E. Keyes, Robert J. Forster,, Inclusion of Novel Ruthenium and Osmium Based Dyes in Bridged ¿Ò-cyclodextrin dimers. Synthesis and Photophysical studies., Supramolecular Conference,, 03-NOV-06 - , Belfast
  • E. J. O'Reilly, L. Dennany, R. Forster, G. Wallace, P. Innis and F. Masdarolomoor,, Potential Dependence of Electrochemical and Photochemical Properties of Poly(2-Methoxyaniline-5-Sulfonic Acid), 210th ECS Meeting, 29-OCT-06 - 03-NOV-06, Cancun, Mexico,
  • L. Dennany and R. Forster,, Nanoparticle-Metallopolymer Assemblies: Luminescent Properties, 210th ECS Meeting, 29-OCT-06 - 03-NOV-06, Cancun, Mexico,
  • Robert J. Forster, DNA Based Molecular Beacons : Electrochemical and Photonic properties, RSC Chemical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 1-day meeting, 23-SEP-06 - , Durham, UK
  • Robert J. Forster, Inclusion of Novel Ruthenium and Osmium Based Dyes in Beta-Cyclodextrins: Synthesis and Photophysical studies,, 37th International Conference on Coordination Chemistry,, 13-AUG-06 - 18-AUG-06, Cape Town
  • Jennifer Brennan and Robert J. Forster,, Metallopolymer Nanoparticle Composites, GRC Nanostructure Fabrication, 16-JUL-06 - 21-JUL-06, Tilton NH, USA
  • Robert J. Forster,, Electrochemical Bio-Diagnostics: Progress and Challenges,, Bath Electrochemistry Summer School,, 05-JUN-06 - 09-JUN-06, Bath, UK
  • Robert J. Forster, Current and Light : From Ultrafast spectro-electrochemistry to Biomedical Diagnostics, ¿New Perspectives In Voltammetry¿ Tilden Lecture and Symposium,, 03-APR-06 - , Bath, UK.
  • Deirdre Leane, Tia Keyes,, Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Proteins, Gordon Conference on Bioanalytical Sensors, 26-FEB-06 - 03-MAR-06, Ventura, California
  • Yann Pellegrin, Lynn Dennany, Emmet O¿Reilly, Tia Keyes,, ECL Detection Of Amino Acids Using Ruthenium Polypyridyl Monolayers, Gordon Conference on Bioanalytical Sensors,, 26-FEB-06 - 03-MAR-06, Ventura, California,
  • Robert J. Forster and Johan Hjelm,, Tetrathienyl-bridged M(tpy)2 Polymers: Electropolymerisation and Charge Transport Properties, Electrochem¿05,, 04-SEP-05 - 07-SEP-05, Newcastle, UK.
  • Robert J. Forster,, Electrochemiluminescent Sensors: From ultrafast spectro-electrochemistry to DNA Damage", Gordon Research Conference on Chemical Sensors & Interfacial Design, 28-AUG-05 - 02-SEP-05, Queen's College, Oxford, UK
  • Robert J. Forster, Lynn Dennany, Tia E. Keyes,, Electrochemiluminescent Nanocomposites, 207th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, 15-MAY-05 - 20-MAY-05, Quebec City, Canada
  • Robert J. Forster, Lynn Dennany, Michael Seery and Tia E. Keyes, April 4-6, 2005, Luminescence Properties of Metallopolymer-Gold Nanoparticle Composites, Opto Ireland, International Society for Optical Engineering, 04-APR-05 - 06-APR-05, Dublin
  • Tia E. Keyes, Deirdre Leane, Robert J. Forster, Niamh Moran and Dermot Kenny, New Insights into the Molecular Mechanisms of Thrombosis from High Resolution Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Opto Ireland, International Society for Optical Engineering, 04-APR-05 - 06-APR-05, Dublin,
  • Robert J. Forster,, Nanoparticle- Metallopolymer Composites : Redox And Photonic Properties,, Electochem 2004, 13-SEP-04 - 15-SEP-04, University of Leicester,
  • Forster, R. J., Nanoparticle ¿ Metallopolymer Composites, Prof. Michael Weaver Memorial Symposium at the Electrochemical Society Fall Meeting,, 12-OCT-03 - 16-OCT-03, Orlando, Florida,
  • Forster, R. J., 2 and 3-D Interfacial Supramolecular Assemblies,, Invited seminar at the RSC Symposium on Supramolecular Chemistry,, 21-MAR-03 - , Trinity College, Dublin
  • Brennan, J. L.; Forster, R. J.,, Electrochemically and Optically Driven Electron Transfer Across Nanode/Monolayer Interfaces., Electrochemically and Optically Driven Electron Transfer Across Nanode/Monolayer Interfaces., 30-OCT-02 - , University of Southampton, Southampton, UK,
  • Brennan, J. L.; Forster, R. J., Ground vs. Excited State Electron Transfer Within Supramolecular Assemblies,, Euresco Conference, 16-SEP-02 - , San Feliu de Guixols
  • Brennan J. L., Howlett, M.; Forster, R. J., Ground vs. Excited State Electron Transfer: From Adsorbed Monolayers to Trimers in Solution,, Invited Lecture at the Faraday Discussion 121, 15-APR-02 - 17-APR-02, Berlin
  • R.J. Forster,, Dynamics of Electron Transfer in Ground and Electronically Excited Osmium Complexes, Dynamics of Electron Transfer in Ground and Electronically Excited Osmium Complexes, 13-SEP-01 - , University of Warwick, Coventry, UK,
  • R.J. Forster,, Electron Transfer: From Stark Effect Spectroscopy to Monolayers,, Electron Transfer: From Stark Effect Spectroscopy to Monolayers, 12-SEP-01 - , University of Leicester, Leicester, UK,
  • R.J.Forster, , Electrochemical Vs. Photoinduced Electron Transfer,, 2001 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society,, 02-SEP-01 - 07-SEP-01, San Francisco, USA.
  • R. J. Forster,, Investigation Intramolecular Electron Transfer Using Monolayers and Stark Effect Spectroscopy,, Investigation Intramolecular Electron Transfer Using Monolayers and Stark Effect Spectroscopy, 26-JAN-01 - , University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
  • R. J. Forster,, Electrochemical vs. Photochemical Induced Electron Transfer,, Gordon Research Conference on Electrochemistry,, 14-JAN-01 - 19-JAN-01, Ventura, California,
  • R. J. Forster, M. Farrell and D. P. O¿Hanlon,, Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding : Two Component Anthraquinone Monolayers,, Pittcon¿2000,, 12-MAR-00 - 17-MAR-00, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  • R. J. Forster and Tia E. Keyes,, Dynamics of Lateral Electron Transfer Within Osmium Containing Langmuir Monolayers,, Pittcon¿2000, 12-MAR-00 - 17-MAR-00, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
  • P. Nugent, K. Feerick, Y. Ferry, E. Williams, R. J. Forster, D. Leech,, Electrochemical Receptor-Ligand Binding Assays and Sensors,, 196th meeting of the Electrochemical Society,, 17-OCT-99 - 22-OCT-99, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
  • Robert J. Forster,, Redox Properties of Electronically Excited States., 217th Meeting of the American Chemical Society, 21-MAR-99 - 25-MAR-99, Anaheim, California
  • Robert J. Forster., Frontiers in Electrochemistry: Nanodes and Nanosecond Timescales., 6th Biennial Surface Science Conference,, 07-APR-98 - , University of Ulster at Coleraine
  • Robert J. Forster and Joseph P. O¿Kelly., Potential Dependent Adsorption of Anthraquinone Monolayers., Pittcon¿98,, 01-MAR-98 - 05-MAR-98, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  • Robert J. Forster and Conor Hogan., Electrochemiluminescent Sensors Based on Immobilized Ru(N)6 Centres., Pittcon¿98,, 01-MAR-98 - 05-MAR-98, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  • Robert J. Forster., Monolayers and Nanosecond Timescales: New Dimensions in Electrochemistry., Charles Reilley Award Symposium for Professor Larry R. Faulkner at Pittcon¿98,, 01-MAR-98 - 05-MAR-98, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  • Tia E. Keyes, Robert J. Forster and Johannes G. Vos,, Electronic Properties of Dinuclear Ruthenium and Osmium Complexes Bound across a Redox Active Bridge,, Eirelec¿98, 01-MAR-98 - , Howth, Ireland
  • Robert J. Forster and Dominic O¿Hanlon., Osmium Polypyridyl Monolayers: Heterogeneous Electron Transfer and Lateral Diffusion Processes., Pittcon¿98, 01-MAR-98 - 05-MAR-98, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.
  • Johannes G. Vos and Robert J. Forster,, Ruthenium and Osmium Based Supramolecular Structures,, CERC3 Research Conference on Topological Stereochemistry/Topological Chirality,, 12-FEB-98 - 14-FEB-98, Hanover Germany
  • R. J. Forster, , Energetics and Dynamics of Electron transfer- Ground and Electronically Excited States, Energetics and Dynamics of Electron transfer- Ground and Electronically Excited States, 30-JAN-98 - , Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.
  • R. J. Forster,, Electrochemistry Within a Billionth of a Second- Monolayers and Electronically Excited, Electrochemistry Within a Billionth of a Second- Monolayers and Electronically Excited, 28-JAN-98 - , Austin, TX. USA
  • R. J. Forster, , Electron Tunneling Pathways Through Adsorbed Monolayers, Electron Tunneling Pathways Through Adsorbed Monolayers, 26-JAN-98 - , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
  • R. J. Forster, Electrochemistry of Electronically Excited States, Gordon Research Conference on Electrochemistry, 19-JAN-98 - 23-JAN-98, Ventura, CA
  • Robert J. Forster, Tim P. McCormac, Dominic O¿Hanlon, Nicholas Payne and Johannes G. Vos,, EQCM Analysis of [Os(bpy)2(pnp)2]2+ Monolayers, Royal Society of Chemistry, Faraday Division Discussion, 30-SEP-97 - 30-SEP-97, Royal Society of Chemistry, Leicester.
  • R. J. Forster,, , Influence of Bridge States on the Dynamics of Electron Transfer Across Metal/Monolayer Interfaces,, 04-SEP-97 - 04-SEP-97, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
  • R. J. Forster, Osmium Polypyridyl Monolayers: Effects of Electrode Material on Electronic Coupling. , Eighth International Conference on Organized Molecular Films,, 24-AUG-97 - 29-AUG-97, Asilomar, California
  • R.J. Forster, Electronic Coupling in Monolayers and Multilayers,, Invited research Seminar at the California Institute of Technology, 13-AUG-97 - 13-AUG-97, Pasadena, CA,USA
  • R. J. Forster, Electron Transfer Reactions Within Supramolecular Assemblies., CERC3 Workshop on Supramolecular Chemistry Entering the Nanoworld,, 21-MAR-97 - 23-MAR-97, Enchede, Netherlands
  • R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos, Redox Kinetics of Immobilized Supramolecular Assemblies, , 190th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, 06-OCT-96 - 11-OCT-96, San Antonio, Texas,
  • R. J. Forster, Heterogeneous Kinetics of Metal and Ligand Based Redox Reactions at Monolayers, , ELECTROCHEM¿96,, 16-SEP-96 - 19-SEP-96, University of Bath, UK
  • R. J. Forster, Time-Resolved Electroanalysis of Adsorbed Monolayers, , 189th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society,, 05-MAY-96 - 10-MAY-96, Los Angeles, California
  • R. J.Forster, Heterogeneous Kinetics of Adsorbed Monolayers., Gordon Research Conference on Electrochemistry, 15-JAN-96 - 19-JAN-96, Ventura, California, USA
  • R. J. Forster, Kinetic Resolution of Amperometric Sensor Responses , Sensors and Signals III,sponsored by The Royal Society of Chemistry, , 26-OCT-95 - 27-OCT-95, Malahide,Co. Dublin
  • R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos,, The Use of Capacitance Measurements for the Investigation of Electrode Surfaces Modified with Redox Active Polymers. September 10-14, 1995., ELECTROCHEM¿95, 10-SEP-95 - 14-SEP-95, University of Wales at Bangor,
  • J. P. O¿Kelly and R. J. Forster, Protonation Effects on Electron Transfer Dynamics and Microenvironments Within Osmium Containing Monolayers, , ELECTROCHEM¿95, 10-SEP-95 - 14-SEP-95, University of Wales at Bangor
  • R. J. Forster,, Structure and Dynamic Measurements in Model Two Component Monolayers. , ELECTROCHEM¿95, 10-SEP-95 - 14-SEP-95, University of Wales at Bangor
  • J. G. Vos, R. J. Forster and A. R. Hillman, Matrix Structure and Electron Transfer Dynamics of Electroactive Hydrogels,, 210th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, 20-AUG-95 - 24-AUG-95, Chicago, Illinois, USA,
  • R. J. Forster, Binary Anthraquinone monolayers on Mercury Microelectrodes., , 20-APR-95 - 20-APR-95, Trinity College, Dublin
  • R. J. Forster, Elucidating High Speed Electron Transfer Dynamics Using High Speed Chronoamperometry, , 23-FEB-95 - 23-FEB-95, Dublin Institute of Technology
  • A. P. Clarke, D. Kelly, R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos, , Charge Transport Properties of Osmium Containing Redox Films, ELECTROCHEM¿ 94, 12-SEP-94 - 16-SEP-94, Edinburgh
  • R. J. Forster and L. R. Faulkner., Electrochemical Reaction Rates and the Predictions of Butler-Volmer Kinetics.(Paper # 923), PITTCON'94,, 27-FEB-94 - 04-MAR-94, Chicago, Illinois,
  • R. J. Forster and L. R. Faulkner., Electric Field Effects on Surface Elimination Reactions Involving Self-Assembled Monolayers (Paper # 512), 184th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society,, 10-OCT-93 - 15-OCT-93, New Orleans, Louisiana
  • R. J. Forster, , Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Electrochemically induced Chloride Elimination from Spontaneously Adsorbed Monolayers., , 01-SEP-93 - 01-SEP-93, University of Illinois
  • R. J. Forster and L. R. Faulkner , Electron Transfer Dynamics of Self-Assembled Osmium Containing Monolayers.(Paper # 1739), 183rd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, 16-MAY-93 - 21-MAY-93, Honolulu, Hawaii
  • R. J. Forster, R. L. Turner and L. R. Faulkner. , Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Dynamics of Osmium and Ruthenium Self- Assembled Monolayers Using Transient and AC Impedance Techniques (Paper # 383), PITTCON'93, 07-MAR-93 - 12-MAR-93, Atlanta, Georgia
  • L. R. Faulkner, C. Xu and R. J. Forster., Fifty Years Later and a Trillion Times Faster, Chronoamperometry Still Works (Paper #119), 204th ACS National meeting, H. A. Laitinen memorial symposium, 25-AUG-92 - 25-AUG-92, Washington, USA.
  • R. J. Forster and D. Diamond, , Robust Estimation of Selectivity Coefficients Using Multivariate Calibration of Ion-Selective Electrode Arrays, Fourth European Conference on Electroanalysis, ESEAC'92, 31-MAY-92 - 03-JUN-92, Noordwijkerhout,Holland,
  • R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos, , Charge Transport Properties of Electrodes Modified with Osmium Containing Polymer Films., Electrochemistry of Inorganic, Bioinorganic and Organometallic Compounds,, 25-MAR-92 - 29-MAR-92, Sintra, Portugal
  • R. J. Forster and D. Diamond,, Non-linear Calibration of Ion-Selective Arrays for Flow Injection Analysis.(Paper # 1104), PITTCON'92, 09-MAR-92 - 13-MAR-92, New Orleans, USA
  • R. J. Forster,, Enhancing the Value of Post-Doctoral Training Within Europe., EURODOCT 91, 05-APR-91 - 06-APR-91, Saclay, France
  • R. J. Forster and D. Diamond, , Multivariate Calibration of Potentiometric Sensor Arrays, Sensors and Signals, The Royal Society of Chemistry., 22-SEP-90 - 22-SEP-90, Dublin City University
  • R. J. Forster and D. Diamond., Potentiometric Sensor Arrays, In: ElectroSpain Analysis, ed.ElectroSpain Analysis,, 04-JUN-90 - 08-JUN-90, Gijon, Aturias, Spain,
  • R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos., Charge Propagation Through Osmium Containing Poly(N-vinylimidazole) Films on Electrode Surfaces, 177th Electrochemical Society Meeting,, 06-MAY-90 - 11-MAY-90, Montreal, Canada.
  • R. J. Forster and J. G. Vos, , Charge Transport Through Thin Films of Osmium Containing Polymers., In: The Royal Society of Chemistry, Faraday Division, General Discussion No. 88, ed.Charge Transfer in Polymeric Systems, 11-SEP-89 - 13-SEP-89, Oxford, England,