Harvard, often referred to as ‘Name and Date’ format, is one of many citation styles.
While it is the one most commonly used in DCU, you should still verify with your lecturer
which style you are required to use. Even within the Harvard style there are many variations.
This tutorial outlines the Harvard style as used by DCU and detailed in the
DCU Library Guide to Harvard Style of Citing & Referencing.
If you are required to use a citation style other than Harvard, check your
school's style-sheet/guidelines. For links to other styles go to
our section on 'Other Citation Styles'
- or visit the
Citing & Referencing page on the
Library's website. The main point to remember is, whichever style you use, be consistent.
There are two basic elements to the Harvard style
In-text citation - When you refer to a source
in your essay, whether by paraphrasing or direct
quotation, you must include the author’s name and
the year of publication of the item.
Reference list (full citation) - All in-text citations must have a corresponding detailed entry at the end
of your essay in the reference list. This enables
anyone reading your work to trace the sources you used.