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Minor Aliments

Minor ailments can mostly be managed with over the counter (O.T.C) non-prescription medicines, which can provide temporary relief of symptoms.

  • However all minor ailments can have the potential to become serious.
  • It is recommended to see the nurse or Doctor if your symptoms are severe or any sudden deterioration of symptoms, or when OTC medicines haven't worked.
  • Never use out of date medications or use previously prescribed antibiotics.
  • Be aware of drug interactions especially with alcohol and driving. Certain medications can cause drowsiness and effect judgement.

SORE THROAT

Sore throats are commonly caused by either a viral or bacterial infection. There can be other causes also.
When a sore throat develops, you can treat yourself by:

  • Taking pain relief. Soluble analgesia (2 tablets dissolved in water) three times a day is very effective.
  • Rest your voice as much as possible.
  • Avoid smoking and smoky environments
  • Use antibacterial lozenges and / or throat spray containing anaesthetics to relieve pain.
  • Increase fluid intake, keep warm, rest and try to have early nights.

With this management, most sore throats will resolve.

WHEN TO SEE THE DOCTOR OR NURSE

  • Severe, sore throat
  • Difficulty swallowing, severe pain
  • Feverish/ chills/ despite regular disprin.
  • Lethargy / sore throat persisted longer than 5-6 days with above management.
  • Wheeze in an asthmatic, any breathing difficulties.

HOW TO PREVENT SORE THROATS

Sore throats cannot be prevented entirely but by taking good care of yourself, risks can be greatly reduced by:

  • Eating a healthy diet being aware to include lots of fresh fruit and vegetables.
  • By getting adequate rest and sleep.
  • Start disprin gargles at the first sign of sore throat
  • Don't smoke
  • Avoid smoky atmospheres as much as possible.

COUGHS

Coughing is the natural reflex to clear the respiratory tract of secretions. It can also be caused by irritation in the airways by dust, smoke, and gases or mucous. Certain social conditions such as smoking or pollution may cause a cough. Other coughs are caused by simple respiratory infections

More serious respiratory infections such as asthma and bronchitis cause coughs. Some coughs are dry, some wet and some productive meaning lots of mucous or other unproductive meaning irritating with no mucous production. Various forms of coughs depend on certain bugs and pre-existing conditions.

There are different types of coughs:

  1. DRY TICKLY COUGH:
    Take a linctus cough bottle to stop the cough

  2. PRODUCTIVE CHESTY COUGH:
    Take an expectorant in the case of chesty cough to help loosen up the phlegm

WHEN TO SEE THE DOCTOR OR NURSE

  • If cough prolonged more than two weeks
  • If asthmatic
  • If difficulty with breathing or have a “tight chest”
  • Any wheeze or shortness of breath
  • Green phlegm, not resolving.