Research Blog: Do home literacy practices in early childhood predict later language and literacy skills?
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Do home literacy practices in early childhood predict later language and literacy skills?


Reading is an important life skill and critical for educational attainment. There is compelling evidence from international studies that home literacy practices such as reading to young children support their oral language skills, literacy development and academic outcomes. 

However, we do not know how early we should start reading with children to support these skills. Ultimately, we need to know more about early home literacy practices in Ireland and whether these support children’s language skills which are important precursors for later literacy and educational outcomes. Research from Dublin City University is beginning to spell this out.


Analysis of national archived data

Previously we had limited national data on children’s early home literacy environments in Ireland meaning that we couldn’t previously investigate the relationships between these home literacy activities and children’s language and literacy skills. 

In a study of the early home literacy practices of over 9,000 parents and their infants, we used archived data from the “Growing Up in Ireland” study, the first national longitudinal study of children’s development in Ireland to ask if reading to babies as early as 9 months could impact oral language skills in early childhood. 

We found that 80% of 9-month-old Irish children are read to by parents. Families who were more likely to report reading with children were those with higher educational progression, fewer depressive symptoms, and those who report a high-quality home language environment (e.g. talking more to children during everyday activities.


Stronger expressive vocabulary skills

Children who were read to at 9 months had stronger expressive vocabulary skills at 3 years, even after accounting for important variables such as family income and the home literacy environment at 3 years.

Through a mediation analysis we also found that shared reading at 9 months was positively associated with vocabulary at 3 years through an associated increase in the frequency of reading to the child and number of books in the home at 3 years. 

Our findings suggest that shared reading when children are 9 months confers a benefit to their oral language almost three years later. This is an important finding given the strong relationship between preschool oral language skill and future reading comprehension and broader academic achievement. 


National book gifting scheme

Furthermore, there is no national universal book gifting scheme from birth in Ireland. Targeted supports for infant shared reading are also predominantly for families in areas of social deprivation. Our findings show the importance of shared reading for all infants in Ireland. The study makes a case for a national universal approach to the provision of books.

This research was undertaken in collaboration with Kathryn A. Leech (University of North Carolina), Michael Daly (Maynooth University), Kathleen H. Corriveau (Boston University).


Read full paper and citation here - Do home literacy practices in early childhood predict later language and literacy skills?



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