Francis Ward is a music educator and ethnomusicologist based in the School of Arts Education and Movement, Institute of Education, Dublin City University. He completed his PhD studies at University of Limerick as an Irish Research Council scholar investigating the development of a virtual orality in the processes of transmission in Irish traditional music. He has worked previously as lecturer in music and dance, lecturer in music and educational technologist at University of Limerick, Dundalk Institute of Technology and Mary Immaculate College respectively. His varied research interests include music education in formal, informal and non-formal learning contexts, music education and social inclusion, music in the primary school, Irish traditional music and dance, educational technology, online teaching, learning and identity, virtual pedagogies, transformations of orality, informal and non-formal music/dance transmission and the creative processes in music/dance composition and choreography, amongst others. Francis is also a well-respected teacher, performer and composer/choreographer of Irish traditional music and dance.