James Carton

Assist. Prof

Contact Details

Assistant Professor


M: +353 (0)87 63 28 459
E: James.carton@dcu.ie
W: www.hydrogenIreland.org

Biography

Dr James Carton is Assistant Professor in Sustainable Energy in Dublin City University, is co-founder of Hydrogen Ireland Association and Hydrogen Mobility Ireland. Dr Carton is a member of the World Energy Council’s Hydrogen Global initiative and is Hydrogen Taskforce Expert to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE). Dr Carton has over 20 years experience in hydrogen technologies.

Dr Carton’s research focus is energy sustainability through innovative technology development with industry; techno-economic modelling, hydrogen for mobility, Power-to-Gas, Power-to-X and renewable energy storage. Recently Dr Carton was awarded funding from Science Foundation Ireland to investigate the role of hydrogen to support renewable energy storage in a project called "HyWest" and is also developing a project "HyLIGHT" to provide the necessary tools to guide the cost-effective and sustainable large-scale implementation of hydrogen technologies in Ireland.

Dr Carton has also been awarded EU project funding for "HySkills" to inform and up-skill technicians and first responders about hydrogen technology to allow our workforce and economy to take advantage of the opportunities Ireland has to develop cleaner, greener technologies in the fight against climate change.

Published Reports

  Year Publication
2019 Innovation Insights Brief New Hydrogen Economy Hype or Hope.
J. G. Carton et al. (2019) Innovation Insights Brief New Hydrogen Economy Hype or Hope. World Energy Council, London. [Details]
2019 Renewable Energy Perceptions Opportunities and barriers for Renewable Energy expansion.
J.G. Carton et al. (2019) Renewable Energy Perceptions Opportunities and barriers for Renewable Energy expansion. World Energy Council, London. [Details]
2019 See All Publications here:.
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/James_Carton (2019) See All Publications here:. All, DCU. [DOI] [Details]
2018 Hydrogen an enabler of the Grand Transition.
J.G. Carton et al. (2018) Hydrogen an enabler of the Grand Transition. World Energy Council, London. [Details]
2018 A Fresh Perspective - Emerging Opportunities Confronting Climate Change.
J.G. Carton et al. (2018) A Fresh Perspective - Emerging Opportunities Confronting Climate Change. World Energy Council, London. [Details]
2017 The Role of the Paris Agreement and National Determined Contributions on shaping energy markets.
J.G. Carton, et al. (2017) The Role of the Paris Agreement and National Determined Contributions on shaping energy markets. World Energy Council, London. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
2020 'At What Cost Can Renewable Hydrogen Offset Fossil Fuel Use in Ireland's Gas Network?'
Gunawan, TA;Singlitico, A;Blount, P;Burchill, J;Carton, JG;Monaghan, RFD (2020) 'At What Cost Can Renewable Hydrogen Offset Fossil Fuel Use in Ireland's Gas Network?'. Energies, 13 [DOI] [Details]
2017 'Application of Open Pore Cellular Foam for air breathing PEM fuel cell'
Baroutaji, A.;Carton, J.G.;Stokes, J.;Olabi, A.G.; (2017) 'Application of Open Pore Cellular Foam for air breathing PEM fuel cell'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2017 'Development of Bi-polar plate design of PEM fuel cell using CFD techniques'
T Wilberforce, Z El-Hassan, FN Khatib, A Al Makky, J Mooney, A Barouaji, J. G. Carton, A.G. Olabi (2017) 'Development of Bi-polar plate design of PEM fuel cell using CFD techniques'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [Details]
2017 'Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars'
T Wilberforce, Z El-Hassan, FN Khatib, A Al Makky, A Baroutaji, J. G. Carton, A. G. Olabi (2017) 'Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [Details]
2017 'Three-dimensional proton exchange membrane fuel cell model: Comparison of double channel and open pore cellular foam flow plates'
Carton, J.G.;Olabi, A.G.; (2017) 'Three-dimensional proton exchange membrane fuel cell model: Comparison of double channel and open pore cellular foam flow plates'. Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2017 'Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars'
Wilberforce, T.;El-Hassan, Z.;Khatib, F.N.;Al Makky, A.;Baroutaji, A.;Carton, J.G.;Olabi, A.G.; (2017) 'Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2016 'Developments in fuel cell technologies in the transport sector'
Alaswad, A.;Baroutaji, A.;Achour, H.;Carton, J.;Al Makky, A.;Olabi, A.G.; (2016) 'Developments in fuel cell technologies in the transport sector'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2015 'Representative model and flow characteristics of open pore cellular foam and potential use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells'
Carton, J.G.;Olabi, A.G.; (2015) 'Representative model and flow characteristics of open pore cellular foam and potential use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells'. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2015 'A thermal control surface for the Solar Orbiter'
Doherty, K.A.J.;Carton, J.G.;Norman, A.;McCaul, T.;Twomey, B.;Stanton, K.T.; (2015) 'A thermal control surface for the Solar Orbiter'. Acta Astronautica, [DOI] [Details]
2011 'Estimating vehicle emissions from road transport, case study: Dublin City'
Achour, H.;Carton, J.G.;Olabi, A.G.; (2011) 'Estimating vehicle emissions from road transport, case study: Dublin City'. Applied Energy, [DOI] [Details]
2010 'Wind/hydrogen hybrid systems: Opportunity for Ireland's wind resource to provide consistent sustainable energy supply'
Carton, J.G.;Olabi, A.G.; (2010) 'Wind/hydrogen hybrid systems: Opportunity for Ireland's wind resource to provide consistent sustainable energy supply'. Energy, [DOI] [Details]

Books

  Year Publication
2019 Unsettled Issues Concerning the Use of Fuel Cells in Electric Ground Vehicles.
J. G. Carton et al. (2019) Unsettled Issues Concerning the Use of Fuel Cells in Electric Ground Vehicles. OL: SAE. [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
2019 Minerals, Metals and Materials Series
Oladoye A.;Carton J.;Baroutaji A.;Obeidi M.;Stokes J.;Twomey B.;Olabi A. (2019) Corrosion and Wear Resistance of PTFE-Al 2 O 3 Coatings Deposited on Aluminum Alloy by a Microblasting Process Minerals, Metals and Materials Series , pp.755-762 [DOI] [Details]
2012 European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Carton, J.G.;Cobbe, N.;O'Donoghue, J.;Pambaguian, L.;Norman, A.;Liedtke, V.;McCaul, T.; (2012) Deposition technique for chemical free black coatings on metals European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP [Details]

Professional Associations

  Association Function From / To
Hydrogen Ireland Association Chair 01-FEB-19 / 30-NOV-20
Hydrogen Mobility Ireland Academic Advisor 01-JAN-19 / 30-NOV-20

Other Activities

  Description

http://www.knowledgetransferireland.com/Find-a-Research-Partner/Browse-Licensing-Opportunities/Compact-Light-Weight-Fuel-Cell-Power-Module-with-Reduced-Manufacturing-Cost-Licensing-Opportunity-from-Dublin-City-University-August-2015.pdf

Patents

  Patent Number Title
US 9,444,117 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell With Open Pore Cellular Foam (OPCF) oxidant and fuel Manifolds

Outreach Activities

  Year Engagement Type Organisation Description

https://www.dcu.ie/dcu-events/2017/Sep/Workshop-Role-for-Hydrogen-Decarbonisation-of-Irish-Energy-Transport-Systems

Research Interests

Technology:
Hydrogen, Fuel cells, Electrolysis, Regenerative Fuel cells, Power-to-Gas, Renewable Technologies, Energy Storage, Renewable Transport, Electric Vehicles

Policy & Modelling:
Energy, Sustainability, Energy Policy, Climate Change, Scenario Modelling.

Technology:
Fuel Cells (FCs) produce electricity from a chemical reaction of hydrogen fuel, with air. FCs are twice as efficient as fossil fuel generating devices producing only water and heat as by products. FCs produce no carbon dioxide during operation, so called zero tailpipe emission technology. FCs have many potential applications ranging from mobile devices to backup power to transport.

Dr Carton's research to date has focused in three key technical areas of research in regenerative fuel cells that use advanced functional materials: 1). Low cost anode & cathode bi-functional electro-catalyst synthesis and characterisation 2). Support material / flow plate optimisation and characterisation 3). Electro-catalyst and support fabrication method optimisation.

Dr Carton and his team have invented and patented fuel cell technologies to reduce FC manufacture costs. The teams developed prototype patented Fuel Cell Power Module (FCPM) overcomes several technical, manufacturing, assembly and scaling issues experienced by existing fuel cells due to a patented multifunctioning architecture. The Team has secured successive project funding rounds that have delivered 20% reduction in the manufacturing costs, and 50% reduction in size and 30% reduction in weight.

Policy & Modelling:
Connected to the technical developments are application and policy developments required to promote new more efficient, sustainable, cleaner technologies. Therefore Dr Carton's current and future research aim is to link seamlessly with primary energy sources such as solar and wind energies and develop the technology with electric vehicles, “green-gases” and microgrid applications and energy policy, to deliver a sustainable clean future to the next generation. 

Opportunities exist for collaboration activities and commercial activities.

Research Projects

  Title Funder From - To Role Award
H2West Ireland Science Foundation Ireland 01-JUL-20 - 30-JUN-21 DCU PI 64,228.74
Heat Pump Efficiency Analysis Enterprise Ireland 22-JUN-20 - 28-AUG-20 DCU PI 6,500.00
EFACE - Hydrogen System Science Foundation Ireland 01-JAN-20 - 31-MAR-21 DCU PI 9,360.00
Role of Heterogenous Energy Storage in Paris-Aligned Scenarios for the Irish Energy System Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland 01-OCT-18 - 31-MAR-20 DCU Co-PI .00
Creative Engine EU Erasmus Plus 01-SEP-18 - 31-AUG-21 DCU PI 74,439.99
Identifying the relative and combined impact and importance of a range of curtailment mitigation options on high RES-E systems in 2030 & 2040 Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland 01-SEP-18 - 31-AUG-19 DCU PI 7,202.55
A Roadmap for Hydrogen in Ireland Private Energy Industry 01-APR-18 - 31-MAY-18 Principal investigator 9,376.00
Fuel Cell Power Module (FCPM) Enterprise Ireland 01-SEP-16 - 28-FEB-18 Principal Investigator 106,000.00
Commercialisation Fund: Low Cost Pure Hydrogen Generating System (Pure H2) CF/2014/4312 Enterprise Ireland 01-JAN-15 - 31-DEC-16 DCU PI 460,447.00
Portable Power Fuel Cell Power Module (FCPM) Enterprise Ireland 01-SEP-16 - 31-AUG-17 DCU PI 137,986.00

Teaching Interests

Engineering, Energy, Sustainability, Energy Policy, Climate Change, Renewable Technologies, Energy Storage, Energy Ecology, Renewable Transport, Electric Vehicles.

Engineering is evolving and sustainability has become the forefront of technology development, manufacturing processes and innovative design, to help combat Climate Change, this is my passion.  

However, sustainability is a vast topic that requires a broad base knowledge of design engineering, energy technology and an understanding of policy to allow students grasp the basics, progress their knowledge and appreciate sustainability as a whole, so it can be relevant for them in the real world. 


Modules Coordinated

  Term (ID)) Title Link Subject
2021 Energy-An Intro to Thermodynamics MM204Energy-An Intro to Thermodynamics
2021 Strength of Materials I MM211Strength of Materials I
2021 Product Design MM310Product Design
2021 Strength of Materials II MM212Strength of Materials II