Gillian Paul


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Gillian Paul is an Assistant Professor in Public Health and Health Promotion in the School of Nursing, Psychotherapy and Community Health. She obtained her PhD and MSc  in Public Health from Trinity College Dublin. Gillian is an experienced public health researcher and has published on a range of  issues including lactation, maternal and infant health, caring, type 2 diabetes, loneliness, smoking and deprivation. Prior to moving into academia she worked clinically as a nurse, midwife and public health nurse in Ireland and the UK.

Peer Reviewed Journal

Year Publication
2022 Mucheru, D;Phillips, D;Paul, G;Fahy, M;Hetherington-Dowling, L;Moloney, B;Duffy, C;Kroll, T;Fealy, G;Lafferty, A (2022) 'A Scoping Review to Map the Evidence on Family Carers Who Combine Work with Care'. International Journal of Integrated Care, (22).
2022 Phillips, D.;Duffy, C.;Fahy, M.;Dowling-Hetherington, L.;Paul, G.;Moloney, B.;Fealy, G.;Kroll, T.;Lafferty, A. (2022) 'Beyond the COVID-19 pandemic for working carers across the European Union: work, policy and gender considerations'. International Journal of Care and Caring, 6 . [Link] [DOI]
2022 Lafferty, A.;Phillips, D.;Fealy, G.;Paul, G.;Duffy, C.;Dowling-Hetherington, L.;Fahy, M.;Moloney, B.;Kroll, T. (2022) 'Making it work: a qualitative study of the work-care reconciliation strategies adopted by family carers in Ireland to sustain their caring role'. Community, Work and Family, . [Link] [DOI]
2021 Lafferty A;Phillips D;Dowling-Hetherington L;Fahy M;Moloney B;Duffy C;Paul G;Fealy G;Kroll T; (2021) 'Colliding worlds: Family carers' experiences of balancing work and care in Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic'. Health and Social Care in the Community, . [DOI]
2020 McGuinness, D., Paul, G., Murtagh, R., O'Hagan, L. (2020) 'A service evaluation of a hospital-based specialist postnatal breastfeeding clinic'. British Journal of Midwifery, 28 (11):762-767.
2020 Phillips D;Paul G;Fahy M;Dowling-Hetherington L;Kroll T;Moloney B;Duffy C;Fealy G;Lafferty A; (2020) 'The invisible workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic: Family carers at the frontline'. HRB Open Research, 3 . [DOI]
2020 Frazer K;Paul G;Kroll T; (2020) 'Learning from Nightingale's engagement with complex systems: 21st-century public health issues of homelessness and achieving Sustainable Development Goals'. Perspectives in Public Health, 140 (3). [DOI]
2019 McCauley, H., McCauley, M., Paul, G., van den Broek, N. (2019) '‘We are just obsessed with risk’: healthcare providers' views on choice of place of birth for women'. British Journal of Midwifery, 27 (10).
2017 Leahy-Warren P;Mulcahy H;Benefield L;Bradley C;Coffey A;Donohoe A;Fitzgerald S;Frawley T;Healy E;Healy M;Kelly M;McCarthy B;McLoughlin K;Meagher C;O'Connell R;O'Mahony A;Paul G;Phelan A;Stokes D;Walsh J;Savage E; (2017) 'Conceptualising a model to guide nursing and midwifery in the community guided by an evidence review'. BMC Nursing, 16 . [DOI]
2014 Hughes, DM., Breatnach, C., van Dijk, M., Magner, C., Paul, G. (2014) 'Assessing The Validity And Reliability Of The Comfort-behaviour Scale In Children Three Years Of Age And Over'. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99 (Suppl 2).
2014 O’Rourke, E Magner, C Paul, G van Dijk, M (2014) 'Pain And Distress In A Paediatric Intensive Care Unit: Is The Comfort Behaviour Scale Sensitive To Change In Children Aged 0–3 Years?'. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 99 (Suppl 2):A79-A79.
2013 Teljeur C;Smith SM;Paul G;Kelly A;O'Dowd T; (2013) 'Multimorbidity in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes'. European Journal of General Practice, 19 (1). [DOI]
2013 Whitford DL;Paul G;Smith SM; (2013) 'Patient generated frequently asked questions: identifying informational needs in a RCT of peer support in type 2 diabetes'. Primary Care Diabetes, 7 (2). [DOI]
2013 Paul G;Keogh K;D'Eath M;Smith SM; (2013) 'Implementing a peer-support intervention for people with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study'. Journal of Family Practice, 30 (5). [DOI]
2012 Gillespie P;O'Shea E;Paul G;O'Dowd T;Smith SM; (2012) 'Cost effectiveness of peer support for type 2 diabetes'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 28 (1). [DOI]
2011 Smith SM;Paul G;Kelly A;Whitford DL;O'Shea E;O'Dowd T; (2011) 'Peer support for patients with type 2 diabetes: cluster randomised controlled trial'. Bmj (Online), 342 . [DOI]
2010 Paul G;Bell C;Fitzpatrick A;Smith SM; (2010) ''The real deal': a feasibility study of peer-led sex education for early school leavers'. The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception, 15 (5). [DOI]
2009 Mullally BJ;Greiner BA;Allwright S;Paul G;Perry IJ; (2009) 'The effect of the Irish smoke-free workplace legislation on smoking among bar workers'. European Journal of Public Health, 19 (2). [DOI]
2008 Mullally BJ;Greiner BA;Allwright S;Paul G;Perry IJ; (2008) 'Prevalence of smoking among bar workers prior to the Republic of Ireland smokefree workplace legislation'. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 177 (4). [DOI]
2007 Pursell L;Allwright S;O'Donovan D;Paul G;Kelly A;Mullally BJ;D'Eath M; (2007) 'Before and after study of bar workers' perceptions of the impact of smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland'. BMC Public Health, 7 . [DOI]
2007 Paul GM;Smith SM;Whitford DL;O'Shea E;O'Kelly F;O'Dowd T; (2007) 'Peer support in type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial in primary care with parallel economic and qualitative analyses: pilot study and protocol'. BMC Family Practice, 8 . [DOI]
2007 Paul G;Smith SM;Whitford D;O'Kelly F;O'Dowd T; (2007) 'Development of a complex intervention to test the effectiveness of peer support in type 2 diabetes'. BMC Health Services Research, 7 . [DOI]
2007 Goodman P;Agnew M;McCaffrey M;Paul G;Clancy L; (2007) 'Effects of the Irish smoking ban on respiratory health of bar workers and air quality in Dublin pubs'. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 175 (8). [DOI]
2006 Paul G;Smith SM;Long J; (2006) 'Experience of intimate partner violence among women and men attending general practices in Dublin, Ireland: a cross-sectional survey'. European Journal of General Practice, 12 (2). [DOI]
2005 Allwright S;Paul G;Greiner B;Mullally BJ;Pursell L;Kelly A;Bonner B;D'Eath M;McConnell B;McLaughlin JP;O'Donovan D;O'kane E;Perry IJ; (2005) 'Legislation for smoke-free workplaces and health of bar workers in Ireland: before and after study'. Bmj (Online), 331 (7525). [DOI]

Published Report

Year Publication
2021 Ivers, JH., Guilini,F., Paul, G. (2021) Supporting women to access appropriate treatment study. Trinity College, .
2020 Frazer, K., Paul, G., Alderman, X., Kroll,T. (2020) Addressing Health and Wellbeing Challenges for Homeless Children and Families Living in Temporary and Emergency Accommodation. K. Frazer, G. Paul, X. Alderman and T. Kroll. University College Dublin, .
2014 Policy Group on Obesity (2014) The race we don’t want to win: Tackling Ireland’s obesity epidemic. Royal College of Physicians in Ireland, .
2014 B. Lawlor, G. Paul, C. Walsh, R. Conroy, E. Holfeld, M. Tobin,Golden, J (2014) Only the Lonely: a randomised controlled trial a volunteering programme for older people experiencing loneliness. Age Friendly Ireland, .
Certain data included herein are derived from the © Web of Science (2023) of Clarivate. All rights reserved.

Professional Associations

Association Function From / To
The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland Registerd General Nurse, Midwife and Public Health Nurse -
Royal Society of Public Health, United Kingdom Fellow -
Association of Lactation Consultants in Ireland Associate Member -

Honors and Awards

Date Title Awarding Body
01/01/2005 The Bronze Medal in Epidemiology/ The Jacqueline Horgan Bronze Medal The Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland


Start date Institution Qualification Subject
University College Dublin Graduate Diploma in University Teaching and Learning
School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin PhD in Public Health
Trinity College Dublin Diploma in Statistics
School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin MSc in Community Health
University College Dublin Higher Diploma in Public Health Nursing
The National Rehabilitation Hospital, Dun Laoire Certificate in Rehabilitation Nursing
University of Wales Diploma in Midwifery
The Adelaide Hospital Dublin Certificate in General Nursing


Title Year Type Authors
Irish Examiner: Women face many obstacles in getting drug and alcohol treatment in Ireland 2021 Newspaper article (online) Paul, G., Ivers, JH.
The Echo: Women face additional barriers accessing drug treatment 2021 Newspaper article (Print) Paul, G., Ivers, JH.

Research Projects

Title Role Description Start date End date
Development of a workplace-based programme to promote health and self-care behaviours among working family carers. Co Applicant, Emerging Investigator Award, PI Dr. Attracta Lafferty 01/10/2018 01/10/2022

Modules Coordinated

Term Title Subject
2022 Health Promotion NS390
2022 Health Promotion NS442
2022 NS209
2023 NS5131