Micro-Credential Observatory

The Micro-Credential Observatory is a NODL initiative that aims to support research-informed policy and practice. It provides a regularly updated collection of major reports, policy initiatives and research-related publications on micro-credential growth in tertiary education and lifelong learning. We welcome suggestions for the inclusion of relevant publications.  

NODE Activities

The NODE is playing a leading role in helping to shape the rapidly evolving micro-credentialing movement, including:

• Strategic partnership with Digitary to support the development of micro-credentials using this leading international platform

• Launch of credit-bearing, stackable micro-credentials on the FutureLearn platform

• Leading the development of a new MOOC, "Higher Education 4.0: Certifying Your Future", on micro-credentials on the FutureLearn platform. See EDEN video on the making of this course.

HE 4

• Participant in €12.3m IUA-led Multi-campus Micro-credentials (MC2) project to establish a national framework for ECTS-bearing, quality-assured micro-credentials

• Leading and contributing to important ECIU University white papers on the future of micro-credentials

• Leading parts of a major work package related to micro-credentials as part of the ECIU University initiative 

• Contributing expert advice to the European Commission's Micro-credential Consultation Group

• Contributing to national and international events on micro-credentials, including the MicroHE conference

• Hosting major global thought leaders and keynote speakers during the 2019 ICDE World Conference on Online Learning

NODE Research

The NODE is involved in several externally funded research projects investigating the growth and potential of the micro-credentialing movement, including:

• Providing strategic advice to educational leaders on developing institutional responses to micro-credentials. 

• A major state-of-the-art literature review on the growth of micro-credentials for the European Commission

• Critical commentaries and global oversight papers on the growing micro-credential movement

• A Micro-credential Roadmap for Ireland: Currency, Cohesion and Consistency

• Micro-credentials: An Evolving Ecosystem - Insights Paper 

• European survey of Micro-credentials across ECIU University partners

• Investigation of Micro-credential design and delivery on the FutureLearn platform 

National survey of Micro-credentials in Ireland partnership with ICBE and Skillnet

• Leading a special issue of an international journal devoted to the micro-credentialing movement

• Publishing reports and journal articles based on our research on micro-credentials

• Preparing external funding applications for further research and development projects with external partners

Major Policy Initiatives

A collection of major policy initiatives related to micro-credentials:

20232023 Ontario Micro-credentials Quality Framework2023 Council Recommendation on a European Approach to Microcredentials for Lifelong Learning and Employability
2022 Proposal for a Council Recommendation on a European Approach to Micro-credentials for Lifelong Learning and Employability2022 National Micro-credentials Framework - Australia2022 MICROBOL Common Framework for Micro-credentials in the EHEA
2021 European Commission Council Recommendation on Micro-credentials2021 EU Questions & Answers: Individual Learning Accounts and Micro-credentials2021 Micro-credential Framework for BC Post-Secondary Education System
2021 Guidance for Portability of Australian Micro-credentials2021 Alberta 2030: Building Skills for Jobs2021 ESCO Skill -Occupation Matrix Tables
2021 European Commission Micro-credential Public Consultation Process - closes 13th July2021 Micro-credentials and Bologna Key Commitments2021 Micro-credentials Marketplace
2020 Towards a Multi-Campus Micro-Credentials (MC2) system in Ireland2020 Final Report: A European Approach to Micro-credentials - Output of the Micro-credentials Higher Education Consultation Group2020 Towards a European Approach to Micro-credentials - Analytical Report
2020 Micro-certifications: Policy and Regulatory Context in Ontario2020 European Approach to Micro-credentials - Institutional Incentives to Develop and offer Micro-credentials in the EU2020 A European Approach to Micro-credentials 
2020 European Skills Agenda  2020 A European Approach to Micro-credentials - Background Paper 2020 Micro-credentials Linked to the Bologna Key Commitments
2020 MICROBOL2020 Europass Digital Credentials 2020 Europass Platform
2020 New European Skills Agenda2020 Australian Government to Build Online Micro-credential Marketplace2020 Canada's Higher Education Sector Selects Digitary 
2020 ECIU Towards a European Micro-credential Initiative2020 Joint ETUC-ETUCE Position on Micro-credentials2020 Joint ETUC - ETUCE Position on Micro-credentials 
2020 Malaysian Guidelines to Good Practices 2019 Review of Australian Qualification Framework 2019 EMC Common Micro-credential Framework 
2019 Malaysian Guide on Micro-credential2019 UNESCO Global Convention on Recognition of Qualifications2018 NZ Approval of Micro-credentials 

National & International Reports

A collection of national and international reports relating to micro-credentials:

2023 2023  Working Future: The Australian Government’s White Paper on Jobs and Opportunities2023 Approaches to the Quality Assurance of Micro-credentials
2023 Micro-credentials for Labour Market Education and Training 2023 Guide to Design, Issue and Recognise  Micro-credentials2023 Approaches to the Stackability of Micro-credentials 
2023 Micro-credentials for Lifelong Learning and Employability - OECD 2022 Aotearoa New Zealand's Rationale for Micro-credentials2022 QQA Report on Badging and Micro-credentialing within UK Higher Education
2022 UNESCO Towards a Common Defintion of Micro-credentials2022 Minister Harris Welcomes the European Council Recommendation2022 ECIU University Micro-credentials: A Vision for Learners, Values and Priorities 
2022 Survey on Micro-credentials: Small Learning Units at German Universities2022 The Rise and Recognition of Micro-credentials2022 The Future is Micro
2022 UK Skills and Levelling Up Manifesto2021 A Conversation Starter: Towards a Common Definition of Micro-credentials 2021 QQI Early Exploration into Micro-credentials in Higher Education, 2014-2020
2021 Micro-credential Innovations in Higher Education: Who, What and Why? - OECD2021 Quality and Value of Micro-credentials in Higher Education: Preparing for the Future - OECD2021 MICROBOL Recommendations to EU Council
2021 An Analysis of 'Micro-credentials' in VET2021 Micro-credentials for Labour Market Training2021 TheMicro-credential Users' Guide 
2021 Position Paper by the Netherlands2021 Shifting Paradigms: Understanding Institutional Perspectives on Microcredentialing2021 State of play in the European Higher Education Area
2021 Paving the Road for the Micro-credential Movement: ECIU University White Paper2021 Productivity Commission White Paper: Rebooting the Economy 2021 Skills Urgency Transforming Australia's Workplaces
2021 The Status of Microcredentials in Canadian Colleges and Institutes2021 Making Sense of Micro-credentials 2021 Is the Future Micro?
2021 Colleges and Institutes Canada Micro-credential Framework2021 A Micro-credential Roadmap: Currency, Cohesion and Consistency2021 Micro-credentials Executive Panel Survey - HolonIQ
2021 Micro-credentials: Are they here to stay?2020 Micro-credential and the Skills Agenda: Twelve Fundamental Questions 2020 OpenCreds Framework
2020 Towards a European Approach to Micro-credentials: A Study of Practices and Commonalities 2020 A European Approach to Micro-credentials 2020 Micro-credentials: Trends in Credit Transfer and Credentialing
2020 Micro-certification Business Models in Higher Education2020 HE for Lifelong Learners: A Roadmap for Ontario2020 The Future of Ontario's Workers
2020 The Potential of Micro-credentials in Education2020 Embedding Certifications into Bachelor’s Degrees: Certification-Degree Pathways Project2020 Micro-credentials Mainstreaming Mid-career Skills Development
2020 Background Paper for EU Consultation Group on Micro-credentials2020 Micro-credentials: An Evoling Ecosystem - Insights Paper2020 Survey of Micro-credentialing Practice in Australasian Universities
2020 Lessons Learned Pilot Edubadges 2020 OECD Emergence of Alternative Credentials2020 Recognition and Validation of Micro-credentials
2020 Recognition and Verification of Credentials2020 Micro-credentials in the EU and Global2020  Realising the Scope of Education through Credentialisation
2019 ACODE Micro-credentialing as a Sustainable Way Forward2019 The Present and Future of Alternative Digital Credentials2019 Value of Open Microcredentials to Earners and Issuers
2019 Making Micro-credentials Work2018 Educational Credentials Come of Age2019 Designing and Implementing Micro-Credentials
2019 MOOC based Alternative Credentials 2019 Micro-credentials in EU and Global2019 Challenges & Opportunities of Micro-credentials in Europe
2019 Micro-credentials and Educational Policy in the US2019 Digital Badge Credentials in the Irish Food and agri-food Sector2019 EduTrends Alternative Credentials
2018 UNESCO Digital Credentialing and the New Learning Landscape2018 Educational Credentials Come of Age2018 Potential and Limitations of Micro-credentials
2017 Alternative Credentials2016 Foundation of Digital Badges and Micro-Credentials2016 The Promises and Challenges of Digital Credentialing

Useful Journal Articles, Books, Reports and Other Commentaries

A collection of published journal articles, books, reports and commentaries relating to micro-credentials:

2023 Implementation of MOOCs for Microcredentials and European University Alliances


2023 Enabling Learning for Life: New Realities for Work and Education



2023 Blockchain and Micro-Credentials in Education


2023 Making Interoperability Work: Challenges and Solutions for an Interoperable Higher Education System


2023 Current Trends in Microcredential Design and Delivery  

2023 Current Trends in Microcredential Design and Delivery


2023 Employer and Employee Perceptions of Microcredentials  
2023 BCcampus Micro-credential Toolkit

 2023 Report on Policies & Initiatives Related to Credential As You Go


2023 Mapping Key Learn-and-Work Ecosystem Initiatives/Alliances  
2023 Implementation of MOOCs for Microcredentials and European University Alliance

2023 Report on Modularization and Micro-credentialing Based on MCE Case Studies Analysis


2023 Implementation of MOOCs for Microcredentials and European University Alliances  
2023 A Strategic Institutional Response to Micro-credentials2023 Getting Started with Micro-credentials: A Primer for Higher Education Leaders2023 Micro-credentials: An Introduction for Talent Leaders  
2023 International Micro-credentials Summit Declaration 2023 Towards a Coherent Micro-credentials Framework2023 Thinking Out Loud  
2023 IDB Digital Credential Framework2023 Digital Credentials and Talent Acquisition Tech2023 Short Courses, Micro-credentials, and Flexible Learning Pathways (UNESCO)  
2023 Micro-learning, Digital Badges and Micro-credentials2023 A Systematic Review of the Opportunities and Challenges of Micro-credentials2023 Digital Micro-credential Efficacy and Impact on Learner Confidence  
2023 Exploring the Potential of Micro-Credentials: A Systematic Literature Review2022 Analysing and Mapping of Current Institutional Qualifications for Continuing Education and Professional Development and Micro-credentials in the MCE Partnership 2023 Enabling Learning for Life: New Realities for Work and Education  
2022 Meta-research on the Learner Perspective on Micro-credential Formats and Learning Services for CPD2022 Are Microcredentials the Future of Higher Ed? 2022 Micro-credentials Landscape Report  
2022 Going Digital: How Learning and Employment Records Shape Access to Quality Education and Jobs2022 How might Micro-credentials Influence Institutions and Empower Learners in Higher Education?2022 The Future is Small: Microcredentials and the Skills Agenda  
2022 A Systematic Literature Review of Micro-credentials in Higher Education: A Non-zero-sum Game2022 Marketing Micro-credentials: An Analysis of Actors, Voices and Messages in Educational Innovation Discourse 2022 Introducing a Reflective Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Micro-credentials  
2022 Unboxing Micro-credentials: An Inside, Upside and Downside View2022 Microcredentials should not get FEE-HELP Assistance 2022 Microcredentials for Labour Market Education and Training  
2022 Credentials to Employment: The Last Mile2022 Lessons Learned - The Implementation Stage of Micro-credentials2022 Micro-credentials: An Important Part of a Bigger Ecosystem  
2022 Micro-credentials are Surging in Popularity, but how Should they be Shaped?2022 A Strategic Reset: Micro-credentials for Higher Education Leaders2022 Pharmacist Preferences for Micro-credentials  
2022 Bridging the Gap: Micro-credentials for Development2022 10 Key Actions to Ensure Micro-credentials Meets the Needs of Learners and Employers2022 HolonIQ Micro-credential Global Survey  
2022 Digital Credential Evolution: How Open Microcredentials/Badges Support Learning in Micro-, Meso-, Macro-levels

2022 Micro-credentials in Leveraging Emergency Remote Teaching: The Relationship between Novice Users’ Insights and Identity in Malaysia 


2022 The Role of Micro-credentials in Modular Learning   
2022 Do Microcredentials Help New Workers Enter the Market? Evidence from an Online Labor Platform

2022 Does Micro-credentialing Work?


2022 Evolving Accreditation and the Credential Landscape  
2022 Are Microcredentials Becoming a Big Deal? 

2022 HRD Corp Launches First Industry-based Micro-credential Initiative for Malaysians


2022 eCampusOntario's Micro-credential Toolkit  
2022 Micro-credentials: A Postdigital Counternarrative

2022 Alternative Credentials: Considerations, Guidance, and Best Practices


2022 Micro-credentials: A New Category of Education is Rising 
2022 Less Jargon and More Evidence is Needed on Skills 

2022 Reviewing the Micro-credential Literature: More Than Just Another Passing Fad?


2022 Features of Micro-credential Platforms in Higher Education  
2022 Challenging the Skills Fetish

2022 Toward Just and Equitable Micro‐credentials: An Australian Perspective


2022 Microcredentials - A New Opportunity for Lifelong Learning
2022 Models and Guidelines for the Design and Development of a Joint Micro-credential Programme in Higher Education

2022 Introducing Mesocredentials: Connecting MOOC Achievement with
Academic Credit


2022 Micro-credentials in Environmental Science
2022 How Micro-credentials can Solve the Skills Gap 

2022 Individual Learning Accounts and Micro-credentials - Reaction


2022 Micro-credentials for Higher Education Leaders
2021 Micro-credentials Landscape Report Athabasca University

2022 The Evolution of Micro-credentials


2021 State of the Art Literature Review on Micro-credentials
2021 Providing Micro-credentials: The Important Role of HEIs

2021 Rise of Skills-Based Hiring and What it Means for Education


2022 The Enhance Micro-credentials 
2021 Higher Education's Microcredentialing Craze

2021 Micro-credentials untethered: A wolf in sheep’s clothing?


2021 Digital Credentials & Competency Frameworks
2021 Growing 'Maze' of Education Credentials is Confusing Consumers 

2021 Survey of Micro-credentialing Practice in Australasian Universities


2021 Why Faculty Need to Talk About Micro-credentials
2021 Micro-credentials: Hope or Hype? 

2021 State of Micro-credentials Implementation and Practice in Australasian Higher Education


2021 Interrogating Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to Employability
2021 Micro-credentials: A Learner Value Framework2021 Unboxing Micro-credentials (Draft Manuscript)2021 Micro Courses May Boast Macro Appeal
2021 Micro-credentials will become Prevalent - Maybe even Preferred2021 Mapping Microcredentials Across MOOC Platforms2021 It's Time to Reboot our Thinking
2021 The Global Micro-credential Landscape: Charting a New Credential Ecology for Lifelong Learning2021 Micro-credentials can Stimulate Diversity of Provision2021 Gig Qualifications for the Gig Economy: Micro-credentials and the 'Hungry Mile'

2021 More Employers are Awarding Credentials 2021 Madrid Micro-credential Statement2021 Badgr: Micro-credential Scholar Series

2021 Credentials must be Stackable, not Sleestak-able2021 Microcredential learners need quality careers and employability support2021 Digital Badges: Pinning Down Employer Challenges
2021 How and Why are Digital Badges being used in Higher Education in New Zealand?2021 The Move to Micro-credentials Exposes the Deficiencies of Existing Credentials2021 Online Degree and Micro-credential Market to Reach $117B by 2025
2021 Micro-credentials: Opportunity or Fad?2021 Understanding Microcredentials: A Report from HEQCO - Tony Bates 2021 Toronto Workforce Innovation Group
2021 Microcredential programs on the rise in Canada2021 Micro-credentials in Ontario - Alex Usher 2021 10 Key Actions to Ensure Micro-credentials Meet the Needs of Learners and Employers
2021 Analysing Micro-credentials in Higher Education: A Bernsteinian Analysis2021 An Integrative Literature Review of Micro-credentials 2021 Micro-Credentials and Badges in Education: Historical Overview 
2020 When Masses Meet Markets: Credentialism and Commodification in Twenty-first Century Higher Education

2020 Badge of Honour? An Exploration of the use of Digital Badges To Support a Partnership Approach to Faculty Development 


2020 Establishing and Sustaining National Partnerships in Professional Development and the Recognition of Open Courses in Teaching and Learning through Digital Badges
2020 Building Digital Capacity for Higher Education Teachers: Recognising Professional Development through a National Peer Triad Digital Badge Ecosystem2020 Micro-credentialing: Establishing a Wyoming Framework - EdD thesis2020 Recognition of open courses in teaching and learning through digital badges 
2020 Features and Affordances of Micro-credential Platforms
2020 Building Digital Capacity for Higher Education Teachers
2020 The EvoLLLutions 2020 Year in Review eBook  
2020 The Futures of Work: What Education can and can't do2020 Future Impacts of Modularisation and Micro-credentials
2019 A Content Analysis of the Emergent Scholarship
2019 Value of Open Microcredentials to Earners and Issuers2019 Instilling purpose and value in the implementation of digital badges in higher education2019 MOOC based Alternative Credentials: What's the Value for the Learner?   
2019 The Evolution of a Micro-credential2018 An exploration of the utility of digital badging in higher education settings2018 Digital badges, do they live up to the hype?   
2018 Educational Functions and Design of Badge Systems: A Conceptual Literature Review2018 Goal Setting and Open Digital Badges in Higher Education
 2017 Open Badges: A systematic Review of Peer-Reviewed Published Literature (2011-2015)2017 The potential of digital credentials to engage students with capabilities of importance to scholars and citizens 
2017 To What Degree? Alternative Micro-credentialing in a Digital Age (Chapter 4)  
2016 The Future of University Qualifications
  2015 Developing Open Badges: a comprehensive approach
2015 Micro-credentials, Nano Degree, and Digital Badges  

Events, Conferences and Webinars

A collection of events, conferences and webinars relating to micro-credentials:

2023 - International Micro-credential Summit - Week of March 20th Masterclass Registration)2022 - Micro-credentials in a Minute podcast series2023 - OECD Report Launch - Video (January)2022 - Considering Standards for Micro-crederntials: the Way Forward (30th November)2022 - Microcredenciales e Insignias Digitales Y Aprendizaje Experiencial (Video)
2022 - OpenLearning Forums: Micro-credentials in Practice (2nd December)2022 - Micro-credentials that Add Value Beyond Degree and Certifications (8th October)2022 - A Panel Session on the Basics of Micro-credentials  
2022 - The Purpose of Qualifications and do Micro-credentials Matter (18th August)2022 - ENQA External Quality Assurance of Micro-credentials (27th September)2022 - UNESCO-MEXT Joint Workshop on Micro-Credentials (24th August)  
2022 - Micro-credentials and Essential Academic and Career Skills (13 July)2022 - Global Dialogue on Micro-credentials (23 June)2022 - Micro-credentials: Are they here to Stay? (9 June)  
2022 - Micro-credentials, Microlearning and Canada's Skills Agenda (31 May)2022 - EVSW Event on Micro-Credentials: Preparing Guidelines (20 May)2022 -European Approach to Micro-credentials (12 May)  
2022 - PPMi Webinar on Micro-credentials (April)2022 - eCampus Ontario Micro-credential Forum - Day 2 (March)2022 -eCampus Ontario Micro-credential Forum - Day 1 (March)  
2022 - Fast Track to Skills: Micro-credentials in Action (25 March)2022 - Final Conference: Micro-credentials linked to the Bologna Key Commitments (8 March)2022 - IMS Digital Credentials Summit (28th Feb 0 2nd March)  
2022 - International Week on Microcredentals (28th March)2021 - Cedefop’s Conference on Micro-credentials - November2021 - Implementing Micro-credentials in Continuing Education - Day 1 Video  
2021 - Implementing Micro-credentials in Continuing Education - Day 2 Video P12021 - Implementing Micro-credentials in Continuing Education - Day 2 Video P22021 - Implementing Micro-credentials in Continuing Education - Day 3 Video  
2021 - Making Higher Education 4:0: The Inside Story - video2021- Launch of European Digital Credentials for Learning - video2021 -  MicroCreds: Towards a National Framework for Micro-credentials - IUA Video  
2021 - Micro-credentials - What could possibly go wrong? - MCSF Video2021 - A Primer for Developing and Managing Micro-credentials - EDEN Video2021 - Andreas Schleicher on Micro-credentials in Higher Education - OECD Video  
2021 Big Ideas Behind Micro-credentials - Podcast2021 Promoting Social Inclusion Through Micro-credentials, OECD Webinar, 7th Oct2021 Moving Towards a Common Language on Micro-credentials - UNESCO Webinar  
2021 Opportunities and Obstacles: Micro-credentialing in Higher Education - Video2021 Using the Development of Micro-Credentials to Improve Diplomas and Degrees - Video2021 Maria Kelo: The Big New World of Micro-credentials  
2021 HEInnovate: The Role of Micro-credentials - Video2021 EADTU Policy Forum on Micro-credentials and Short Learning Programmes - 28th May2021 Micro-credentials and the role of External QA - Video  
2021 The European Approach to Micro-credentials - Video2021 Putting the Pieces Together 12 March - Video2021 AI and Blockchain-enabled Assessment, 11 March  
2021 IMS Digital Credentials Summit, 1-4 March2021 Micro and Alternative Credentials - HolonIQ, 24 Feb 2021 Micro-credentials in the United States, 24 Feb  
2021 The Missing Pieces - CoL, 23 Feb - Video2021 How Micro-credentials are Changing the Landscape of Skills-based Learning, Feb - Video2021 Micro-credentials: Lessons from Australia, 2nd Feb  
2021 ECIU Expert Event on Micro-credentials 28th Jan2020 How to Build a Successful Micro-credential System: Best Practices from New Zealand2020 Global Voices on Micro-credentials  
2020 MicroHE Conference Session A 2020 MicroHE Conference Session B2020 MicroHE Conference Session C  
2020 Certifying Your Future 2020 EURASHE Micro-credential Workshop 2020 Clicks Non Degree Credentials  
2020 MicroHE Expert Panel Webinar2020 Academic Portable Credentials with Digitary2020 RIDE2020 Micro-credentials  
2019 Better Credentials: Living, Learning and Earning in 21C2016 Better 21C Credentials2026 Learning is Earning Edubloc Video  


MC Community

Microcredentials Sans Frontières


The Microcredentials Sans Frontières provides an open international network dedicated to cultivating a deeper understanding of the design, development, delivery, and effectiveness of microcredential opportunities across the learning lifespan. This open network was founded by Lena Patterson, Simone Ravaioli and Beverley Oliver. Watch the video below of Professor Beverley Oliver's keynote address on micro-credentials at the 2019 ICDE World Conference on Online Learning. 



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