School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering
Work Area/Key Responsibilities
Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Development
Academic biographyDr James Carton is Assistant Professor in Sustainable Energy in Dublin City University, is co-founder of Hydrogen Ireland Association and Hydrogen Mobility Ireland. Dr Carton is a member of the World Energy Council’s Hydrogen Global initiative and is Hydrogen Taskforce Expert to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE). Dr Carton has over 20 years experience in hydrogen technologies.
Dr Carton’s research focus is energy sustainability through innovative technology development with industry; techno-economic modelling, hydrogen for mobility, Power-to-Gas, Power-to-X and renewable energy storage. Recently Dr Carton was awarded funding from Science Foundation Ireland to investigate the role of hydrogen to support renewable energy storage in a project called HyWest and is also developing a project HyLIGHT to provide the necessary tools to guide the cost-effective and sustainable large-scale implementation of hydrogen technologies in Ireland.
Dr Carton has also been awarded EU project funding for HySkills to inform and up-skill technicians and first responders about hydrogen technology to allow our workforce and economy to take advantage of the opportunities Ireland has to develop cleaner, greener technologies in the fight against climate change.
Hydrogen, Fuel cells, Electrolysis, Regenerative Fuel cells, Power-to-Gas, Renewable Technologies, Energy Storage, Renewable Transport, Electric Vehicles
Policy & Modelling:
Energy, Sustainability, Energy Policy, Climate Change, Scenario Modelling.
Fuel Cells (FCs) produce electricity from a chemical reaction of hydrogen fuel, with air. FCs are twice as efficient as fossil fuel generating devices producing only water and heat as by products. FCs produce no carbon dioxide during operation, so called zero tailpipe emission technology. FCs have many potential applications ranging from mobile devices to backup power to transport.
Dr Carton's research to date has focused in three key technical areas of research in regenerative fuel cells that use advanced functional materials: 1). Low cost anode & cathode bi-functional electro-catalyst synthesis and characterisation 2). Support material / flow plate optimisation and characterisation 3). Electro-catalyst and support fabrication method optimisation.
Dr Carton and his team have invented and patented fuel cell technologies to reduce FC manufacture costs. The teams developed prototype patented Fuel Cell Power Module (FCPM) overcomes several technical, manufacturing, assembly and scaling issues experienced by existing fuel cells due to a patented multifunctioning architecture. The Team has secured successive project funding rounds that have delivered 20% reduction in the manufacturing costs, and 50% reduction in size and 30% reduction in weight.
Policy & Modelling:
Connected to the technical developments are application and policy developments required to promote new more efficient, sustainable, cleaner technologies. Therefore Dr Carton's current and future research aim is to link seamlessly with primary energy sources such as solar and wind energies and develop the technology with electric vehicles, “green-gases” and microgrid applications and energy policy, to deliver a sustainable clean future to the next generation.
Opportunities exist for collaboration activities and commercial activities.