PhD Students

Photo update

Kelly Adamson 

Name: Kelly Adamson 

Area of Research: History 

Thesis Title: Public Health Policy in 1940's Ireland 

Supervisor: Dr Juliana Adelman 

Email: kelly.adamson3@mail.dcu.ie

 

Kelly Adamson is a third-year PhD student at Dublin City University where she was awarded
the Irish Research Council Postgraduate Scholarship in 2021. In 2019, she graduated with an
MA in Modern Irish History in DCU. From 2018-2019, she took part in research for the
Leprosy Mission in their fight against leprosy worldwide.
Her thesis focuses on the development of public health policy at crisis points, taking World
War II as a lens. At present, she is working on developments in nutrition, infant mortality,
tuberculosis (TB) and the institutionalisation of the mentally-ill during the Emergency
period. Examining how public health was affected by the political, social and economic
priorities of the time, her research explores why certain diseases were prioritised over
others at this crisis juncture. Within this, she is particularly interested in the rationing of
public health measures at severe crisis points and discerning the extent to which public
health policy reflected the body-politic of the early Republic.

 

@kellyadamson22

 

Hayley Brabazon

Hayley Brabazon 

Name: Hayley Brabazon 

Areas of Research: Post-revolutionary lives of Irish republican women

Working Thesis Title: Gender, Legacy, and Memory: the post-revolutionary lives of Irish women

Supervisor: Dr Leeann Lane 

Emailhayley.brabazon3@mail.dcu.ie

Hayley is a PhD candidate in the School of History and Geography. She is researching the post-revolutionary lives of Irish republican women. Hayley wants to expand our understanding of the Irish Revolutionary period through a ‘bottom-up’, holistic approach to the sources. Gender, class, social, cultural, and transnational perspectives are central to her research. Hayley holds a BA in English and History and an MA in History from Dublin City University. She is also a member of the Women’s History Association of Ireland (WHAI) and the Memory Studies Association (MSA). Hayley’s PhD thesis considers the post-revolutionary lives of women active in the republican campaigns in the period 1916 – 1923. Through a bottom-up examination of women’s Military Service Pension applications, she argues that the Irish Free State, wider society, and the Catholic church restricted women’s lives, notably from the Civil War period. Class and gender analysis inform the methodologies central to the thesis. Hayley’s thesis takes a multi-faceted approach to consider how legacy, memory and participation in the Irish revolution affected women’s lives.

Conferences and Public Talks:

  • “Shock, Strain, and Hardship” – Women and the Irish Revolution, Irish History Student’s Association, First Virtual Conference, March 2021.
  • ‘Women and the Irish Revolution’ – Coolock / Darndale Adult Literacy Service, May 2021.
  • ‘We Were There, We Are Here: Women in Politics’, Brigit 2022, Hosted by Lord Mayor Alison Gilliland, February 2022. (Link: https://www.crowdcast.io/e/Women-in-Politics)
  • ‘Women of the Revolution’, La na mBan, Ballymun CDETB, March 2022.
  • ‘Postal Espionage during the War of Independence’, Gendered Networks, Women’s History Association of Ireland Conference, April 2022.
  • ‘What about the women?’ Dublin City Learning Festival, April 2022

@haylesbrabz

Photo update

Cathal Burke-O'Leary 

Name: Cathal Burke-O'Leary 

Areas of Research: History

Thesis title: Post-independence State-Building in Ireland and India

Supervisor: Dr Marnie Hay 

Emailcathal.burkeoleary2@mail.dcu.ie

Noel Carolan

Noel Carolan

Name: Noel Carolan

Areas of Research: Compulsory food production; cooperative movement; First World War; food control; food history; food politics; food rationing; food security; food supply; free trade; Irish Parliamentary Party; Irish Revolution; partition of Ireland; Sinn Féin; tariff reform; United Irish League

Thesis Title: The politics of Ireland’s food supply, 1895 to 1923: through peace, war, revolution and partition

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó'Corráin 

Email: noel.carolan9@mail.dcu.ie

 

I’m a father, husband, family history enthusiast and (increasingly slow) runner who is dedicated to continuous learning. Curiosity and a lifelong suspicion of dogma drive my motivation. For decades, I’ve been actively involved in local history societies, presenting talks on local and family history topics to various audiences. Having completed BA and MA degrees in management in 2002, I put my PhD ambitions on hold to deal with parenting and work commitments. However, retirement from a busy and rewarding career in the Garda Síochána (Ireland’s national police service) in 2018 enabled me to return to education, undertake DCU’s MA in history, and begin my current PhD research there in 2020. My research is funded by Dublin City University, Universities Ireland and the Irish Research Council.

I am researching the politics of Ireland’s food supply from 1895 to 1923. Uncovering the gravity of Ireland’s 1898 food supply crisis and developing a proxy measure for late 19th century food supply deficits have been very fortunate early research achievements. My focus is the capacity of food supply to influence political mobilisation – during the peaceful late 1890s until 1914, and afterwards during the war-time/revolutionary turmoil until 1923. So, there’s a lot of exciting work ahead!

Publications:

I presented conference papers on my research in Ireland, Northern Ireland, Britain and the Czech Republic. 

Dublin Historical Record published two articles focused on urban food production during the First World War – ‘A local war-time food supply initiative: The Clontarf and Marino allotments of 1917’ https://doras.dcu.ie/24017/ and ‘Fairview Park 1900 – 1930: forgotten achievements and landscapes’ https://doras.dcu.ie/24847/ .

 The photography of Irish hunger began during the 1898 food supply crisis. A short RTE Brainstorm article features some of my research on this development, ‘How photography told the story of Ireland’s 1898 food shortage’ https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2021/0616/1228495-photography-ireland-1898-food-shortage/ .

 My newspaper article ‘How The Irish Field helped the hungry in 1898’ (26 June 2021) deals with the photography and reportage of the 1898 food supply crisis which was published in The Irish Field.

https://twitter.com/NCarolanHistory

Ann Marie Durkan

Ann Marie Durkan

Name: Ann Marie Durkan

Areas of Research: Funded by the Irish Research Council, Ann Marie is currently researching how the presence of livestock such as horses, cows and pigs shaped the life of Dublin city throughout the 20th century. 

Thesis Title: Understanding the roles of horses, cows and pigs in Dublin's changing urban landscape in the 20th century

Supervisors: Dr Ruth McManus / Dr Juliana Adelman 

Emailann.durkan2@mail.dcu.ie

Ann Marie completed her undergraduate degree with the Open University and obtained a first class Masters in Human Geography from Maynooth University in 2018. The wide variety of modules available to study through the Open University allowed her to experience a broad range of subjects while she found her niche in human and animal conjoined histories during her masters. The past 10 years or so has seen a rising interest in the importance of understanding the roles that certain animals played in the human story. New histories of cities such as London, Paris and New York have been written with animals front and centre. In her doctoral thesis, Ann Marie will explore the role of animals in Dublin's changing urban landscape in the 20th century.

Publications:

https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2021/1213/1266417-dublin-pigs-piggeries-history/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37Goo6M4OQE

https://www.rte.ie/radio/podcasts/22012405-horse-drawn-dublin-by-ann-marie-durkan/

https://www.rte.ie/radio/radio1/clips/22139452/

https://www.rte.ie/radio/radio1/clips/22108700/

https://www.rte.ie/radio/podcasts/22018736-when-love-is-more-than-human-by-ann-marie-durkan/

'Cleaning up Dublin's milk supply' to be published on RTE's Brainstorm in December 2022

Photo update

Kevin Finnan 

Name: Kevin Finnan

Areas of Research

Thesis title: Doctors in Revolutionary Ireland

Supervisor:  Dr William Murphy 

Email: kevin.finnan2@mail.dcu.ie

Photo update

Erica Fox 

Name: Erica Fox

Areas of Research: Erica is researching the impacts of COVID-19 on transport behaviours and Ireland’s climate goals. 

Thesis Title: Climate change after COVID-19: Challenges and opportunities to transform the Irish transport sector.

Supervisor: Dr Darren Clarke / Dr Trish Morgan 

Emailerica.fox29@mail.dcu.ie

Erica Fox is a PhD candidate at the School of History and Geography and the School of Communications, Dublin City University. She holds a Master’s degree in Climate Change from Maynooth University and a Bachelor’s degree in English and Geography from Dublin City University.

Transport is responsible for ~20% of all GHG emissions in Ireland. To meet its climate change obligations, Ireland requires a transformative approach to transport. The transformative potential of the transport sector is evident in Ireland’s transport emissions decreasing by 17% in 2020 (SEAI, 2021). However, emissions have already risen since these SEAI research findings were published, thus a greater effort is needed to ensure these reductions are sustained. The pandemic has provided a window of opportunity for researching how long-term sectoral transformation could be achieved to meet Ireland’s climate change commitments. Examples of these changes include: large scale modal shifts to public and active travel, decarbonisation zones, reduction in airline travel, significant decline in private car ownership and sustained remote working. This project addresses a knowledge gap by investigating attitudes towards transport and travel, while also assessing how behavioural changes enforced by COVID-19 travel restrictions have potential long-term ramifications regarding Ireland’s climate goals. Specifically, the research design of the project centres on bottom-up and top-down experiences of this crisis and to what extent this can be translated into long-term change in the transport sector. 

Publications:

Belton, S., Fox, E. and Kelleher, C.T., 2022. Characterising the molecular diversity of ash (Fraxinus

excelsior L.) at its western marginal range in Europe—phylogeographic insights and implications for

conservation in Ireland. Tree Genetics & Genomes, 18(5), pp.1-18.

Belton, S., Cubry, P., Fox, E. and Kelleher, C.T., 2021. Novel Post-Glacial Haplotype Evolution in Birch—

A Case for Conserving Local Adaptation. Forests, 12(9), p.1246. (Q1)

Belton, S., Fox, E., Connolly, J. and Kelleher, C. 2021. GeneNet: mapping the genetics of Ireland’s native

forests in a European context. [Poster]. Irish Ecological Association Conference, 7-8th January, online.

Belton, S. and Fox, E., 2020. GeneNet: Mapping the genetics of Ireland's native forests. Woodland,

(December),pp.20-23.

Fr John Hogan

John Hogan 

Name: Fr John Hogan 

Areas of ResearchLegion of Mary, Catholic, lay activism, evangelisation, Catholic social work, Frank Duff, Catholic women. 

Thesis TitleThe origins and development of the Legion of Mary 1921-62

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó'Corráin 

emailjohn.hogan25@mail.dcu.ie

Native of County Offaly, a Catholic Priest of the Diocese of Meath. Past areas of study have been English Literature, Sociology, Philosophy and Theology. Thesis concerns the foundation and development of the Legion of Mary, an international Catholic lay movement founded in Ireland in 1921. The thesis will examine the rationale for its foundation, its unique contribution to the Church in Ireland and its social and evangelical work in Ireland and abroad. The Legion was the means through which Catholic laity, in particular women, took a more active role in the mission of the Catholic Church.

Publications:

Most recently a biography of Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket: Defender of the Church (Huntington, 2020)

Michael Loughman

Michael Loughman 

Name: Michael Loughman 

Areas of Research: Twentieth-century Ireland; Irish Revolution; political history; agricultural history; health politics; economic history; policy development

Thesis Title: Doctor, Republican, Statesman: James Ryan and the development of the independent Irish state, 1892-1965

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó'Corráin 

Email michael.loughman4@mail.dcu.ie

From County Laois, I completed a BA in mathematics and history at the University of Galway. I subsequently completed an MA in history there, where my thesis concerned Oliver J. Flanagan and the monetary reform movement of the 1940s. Reflecting my keen interest in modern Irish history, my current PhD research focuses on the political career of long-serving government minister, James Ryan.A figure who was at the centre of the foundational events of the independent Irish state from 1916-22, James Ryan became one of the central policymakers in the Irish state during its early decades, serving as Minister for Agriculture, Health, Social Welfare and Finance at crucial junctures for each of these areas. Although described in the 1960s as one of the ‘chief architects of the new Ireland’, Ryan has nonetheless remained an underappreciated figure in Irish historiography. This research will address this obvious historiographical shortcoming by examining the formation and evolution of this key policymaker.

Publications:

 How the Civil War split an Irish republican family in two'(RTÉ Brainstorm) 

Tillage Incentivisation: A similar policy for a new era (Irish Farmers' Journal) 

@mickloughman 

Clair McDonald

Clair McDonald

Name: Clair McDonald

Areas of Research: Historical geography, colonialism, Geographic Information Systems, landed estates, landed archives, landscape architecture, urban design, rural Ireland.

Thesis Working Title:Mapping colonial landscapes, societies, and archives: the Cosby and Walsh-Kemmis landed estates, c.1640 to c.1850.

Supervisor: Dr Jonathan Cherry 

Emailclair.mcdonald232@mail.dcu.ie

I am an historical geographer and historic landscape consultant with over fifteen years’ experience and a diverse portfolio having worked as a landscape architect in both the public and private sectors across Ireland.  I hold a BSc in Landscape Design, a BA in Heritage Studies and an MA in Historic House Studies and Masters by research: Assessing historic woodlands on Gurteen demesne, Co. Waterford using an interdisciplinary approach developed from theory in landscape studies.

My thesis examines two adjoining landed estates in Stradbally, Co. Laois. Using the Cosby and Walsh-Kemmis landed estates, it seeks to understand the practices and experiences of colonialism as expressed in the landscapes, societies, and archives that arose from estate management governed by landlordism. The history of these estates differs in respect of family origins, modes of acquisition, and longevity of connection with Stradbally, yet are similar in having retained ownership of some of their original estates and archives to the present day. This is highly unusual in the Irish context and makes Stradbally a unique place to examine the effects of colonialism within a postcolonial framework. My thesis proposes three novel approaches. Firstly, it uses a fine-grained analysis at farm and town plot level to deliver a detailed study of land occupation and ownership to understand Stradbally’s social and physical spaces within, between, and across two landed estates in the colonial era. In this, it uses the families’ private estate papers alongside national records to uncover the relationship between the physical landscape and the paper sources which influenced the formation of the social and material world of colonial Stradbally. Secondly, it advances methods in historical geography by using geographic information systems to read historical sources and analyse the socio-spatial geographies created by landed estate administration and management. Finally, it deepens engagement with archival theory by reading the archives’ order and context as expressions of colonial modes of control which extends historical geographical methods beyond those normally concerned with archival content alone for evidence of the past. In examining the archives, landscapes, and societies of two contrasting estates of varying size and importance historically and locally, this thesis adds significantly not alone to knowledge of colonial geographies of the landed estates, but to their heritages in the present.

Publications:

McDonald, C. (2017) The eighteenth-century landscape of Stradbally Hall, Co. Laois. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

CONFERENCE PAPERS

McDonald, C. (2022) ‘The building blocks of colonialism: state archives fromthe mid-17th century in Ireland; American Association of Geographers.

McDonald, C. (2021) ‘Warders of a colony? Stradbally, Co. Laois, in 1641.

McDonald, C. (2021) ‘Probing the social borders of a mixed-settlement colony: Stradbally in 1641’; Conference of Irish Geographers.

McDonald, C. (2019) ‘Landed estate archives: creation and significance in an historical geography of landlordism’; Royal Geographic Society conference.

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

McDonald, C. (2016) ‘Historic landscape evaluation to inform future policy objectives’, Lisbon: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development. In Amoêda, R., Lira, S., Pinheiro, C. (eds.) Heritage 2016: 5th international conference on heritage and sustainable development, Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development, Barcelos, pp 561-70.

McDonald, C. (2016) ‘Cultural landscapes and ecological values: a methodology for determining significance at the landscape of the former landed estate, Gurteen, Co. Waterford’. In Collins T., Kindermann, G., Newman, C., Cronin, C. (eds.), Landscape values: place and praxis, NUIG, Galway, pp 196-200.

https://twitter.com/fieldscalestudi

Joseph Rodgers

Joseph Rodgers

Name: Joseph Rodgers 

Areas of Research: The life of a principal street: A commercial and social history of
O’Connell Street: 1782 – 1930.

Thesis Title: Sackville/O Connell Street, 1740-1988: The Life of a Principal Street

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó'Corráin

Email: joseph.rodgers4@mail.dcu.ie

Joe Rodgers is a PhD Candidate, in the School of History and Geography at DCU.
His current research is titled ‘The life of a principal street: A commercial and social history of
O’Connell Street: 1782 – 1930’. This topic concerns a history of O’Connell Street from the
time of its extension to the River Liffey and the construction of Carlisle Bridge, until the
destruction and reconstruction of much of the street following the Irish revolutionary period.
He has published two Brainstorm articles regarding this research. In addition, he has
contributed a number of published works on the topic of popular music; namely the online
publication Please Me: the album guide; a guide to the recording of the Beatles debut
album, and two articles on The Beatles in the published book Long and Winding Road: The
Greatest Beatles Stories Ever Told. 
His hobbies include playing and listening to music; history; travel; film and football.

Publications:

https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2022/0314/1286246-dublin-oconnell-bridge-carlisle-bridge-history/

https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2022/1022/1330784-oconnell-street-dublin-history-problems-challenges/

Links:

https://www.amazon.com/Long-Winding-Road-Greatest-Beatles/dp/1988420075

Amazon.com: The Beatles: Please Please Me - The Album Guide eBook

 

Isha Thakur

Isha Thakur

Name: Isha Thakur

Areas of research: Transboundary Water Issues, Hydropower, Water Management, Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Development

Thesis title: Unravelling Implications of Hydropower Projects for Sustainable Development in the Brahmaputra Basin

Supervisors: Dr Susan Hegarty / Dr Jimmy O'Keeffe 

Email: isha.thakur2@mail.dcu.ie

I completed my MSc degree in geography from King’s College London. My master’s dissertation explored nature’s contribution to Sustainable Development Goals in the Ganga-Brahmaputra River basin, using Co$tingNature, an ecosystem services modelling tool. It highlighted the enormous stress on transboundary rivers in South Asia, the lack of sectoral coordination which has led to the degradation and unsustainable use of water resources and the presence of several governance challenges. My dissertation gave me an in-depth understanding of the interconnected water, energy, food, and environment sectors, highlighting critical socio-environmental research questions which have been neglected, forming the foundation of my PhD project. My PhD will focus on the unique role hydropower development can play in addressing the SDGs, holistically assessing both positive and negative impacts on the environment and society, including marginalised and minority groups. It is a novel study as it combines stakeholder engagement with systems modelling of ecosystem services to predict impacts from hydropower developments. Prior to my masters in KCL, I completed my undergraduate degree in geography from Miranda House, University of Delhi in India. In my leisure time, I enjoy music, theatre, travelling, and dancing. I am trained in the Indian classical dance form Kathak.

Publications:

An Appraisal of Kerala Flood-2019 

Brahmaputra - a river of hope and sorrow

 

Kristina Zmejauskaite

Kristina Zmejauskaite

Name: Kristina Zmejauskaite

Areas of research: Heritage studies, memory and historical politics, Soviet legacy, public space, Baltic States

Thesis title: Contested Public Space: Changing Meaning of Soviet Heritage in the post-Soviet Baltic States  

Supervisor: Dr Maria Falina 

Email: kristina.zmejauskaite2@mail.dcu.ie

Kristina holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Cultural History and Anthropology from Vilnius University and Master’s Degree in Comparative History from Central European University. She is a travel grant recipient of the International Research Society for Children’s Literature 2021. Kristina presented her research at international conferences and workshops including the online conference ‘‘Contested Heritage in the 21st Century: Eastern Europe and Beyond’, hosted by KU Leuven, in October 2022, and ‘Rethinking Intellectual History in East Central Europe. Transmission of Identities in Central Europe and Politicization of the Masses’, Bratislava, Slovakia, September 2022.  

Her current research deals with contested public space in the post-Soviet Baltic States. In particular, her project investigates the changing meaning of Soviet heritage and its perception by different memory groups in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania through a comparative lens. She analyses contested monuments and memorials that escaped original iconoclasm in the early years of independence and became highly debated. Her research scope extends outside the capital cities to smaller cities and towns in order to fully understand the changing perception of contested heritage after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.  

Cormac Keenan

Cormac Keenan 

Name: Cormac Keenan 

Areas of Research: Irish Revolutionary History, Post-Conflict Studies

Working Thesis Title: An examination of the post-revolutionary lives of the dependants of the Irish Revolution and Civil War, 1923-80. 

Supervisor: Dr Marnie Hay 

Email:cormac.keenan27@mail.dcu.ie

I am a graduate of the University of Glasgow (BA in Spanish and History) and Dublin City University (MA in History). I began my doctoral research at DCU in September 2022 and have been awarded the Universities Ireland History Bursary for this project. 

My research will broaden the Irish Revolutionary narrative beyond that of combatants and veterans by examining the post-revolutionary lives of dependants who lost a family member through revolutionary violence between 1916 and 1923. My analysis of the experiences and subjectivities of dependants – widows, parents, siblings, and children – will provide new insight into how these non-combatants encountered a partitioned Ireland after revolution and civil war and widen our understanding of the personal and familial cost of the conflict and its legacy.

David A. Chikwaza

David A. Chikwaza 

Name: David A. Chikwaza 

Areas of Research: Climate Adaptation & Indeginous Knowledge Systems 

Thesis Title: Decolonising Climate Adaptation: Exploring Indigenous knowledge Systems as a viable complementary approach to understanding climate change adaptation in Gokwe district of Zimbabwe.

Supervisors: Dr Darren Clarke / Dr Jimmy O'Keeffe 

Email: david.chikwaza2@mail.dcu.ie

David is primarily interested in the viability of Africa’s Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) in climate change adaptation, paying particular attention to natural resource management systems and agricultural practices. He is a recipient of the Dublin City University Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Doctoral Research Scholarship. He previously studied at the University of Zimbabwe where he acquired a Master of Science degree in International Relations (2019), Bachelor of Science Special Honours Degree in Politics and Administration (2017) and a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in English literature and Chinese language (2016). He has worked as an Assistant Lecturer & Research Assistant at the University of Zimbabwe, which ignited in him a passion for teaching and research. He is currently an Opinion and Editorial Columnist for South Africa's Daily Maverick. He has also written for various international news outlets notably, Microsoft News, the Democracy in Africa newsletters and The Vanguard Africa. He is a 2022 Max Thabiso Edkins Climate Ambassador for the Global Youth Climate Network - GYCN. He founded Future Africa International- FAI, a Non-Profit Company headquartered in South Africa operating in Namibia, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya and Mozambique. FAI fosters African youth leadership development, ardent climate action, and competent entrepreneurship. David successfully completed a course: The Paris Agreement on Climate change as a Development Agenda under the United Nations Systems Staff College. David intends to improve the programs and project design of FAI and complement projects run by other major development agencies in the region such as United Nations Agencies and the African Union. He aims to develop a theory and mechanisms for practice on how to best integrate Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Western Science to come up with the most viable strategies to adapt and build resilience to climate change and other pressing challenges facing Africa and humanity. David created David Chikwaza- GLOBAL SOUTH INDABA YouTube Talk Show and some of the most notable names that have appeared on the talk show include Anna Brazier, Dr. Nicole Beardsworth and Professor Chitja Twala. These interviews have broadened and transformed his understanding, and appreciation of environmental and political issues affecting Africa. They have also helped him to create a network of intellectuals and develop critical thinking skills.

 

Publications:

Eye of the storm: Why devolution has the potential to bolster climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts in Zimbabwe

Why climate change adaptation means there should be no conditionalities on aid

Debunking voter registration campaigns in Africa: Lessons for Nigeria, Kenya and Zimbabwe

Fight or surrender: The plight of the young in Zimbabwe

Bridging the gap between rich and poor: A strong middle class is key to achieving democratic transformation in Zimbabwe

The fertile grounds of despair: Why neopatrimonialism is a growing threat to electoral democracy in Zimbabwe

Zimbabweans in the diaspora must be allowed to vote – and politicians’ paranoia is preventing it

The truth behind voter apathy in Zimbabwe

 

Amanda Morse

Amanda Morse 

Name: Amanda Morse 

Areas of InterestWomen, Prisons, Local Gaols, Nineteenth-century, Historical Geographic Information Systems/Science

Working Thesis Title: Patterns of Criminality and Incarceration Among Women in Ireland 1877-1901

Supervisors: Dr Jonathan Cherry and Dr William Murphy

Email: amanda.morse2@mail.dcu.ie

My research is centred on a large-scale reexamination of incarceration in nineteenthcentury Ireland following centralisation in 1877 through the first census of the new century. Local gaols, which saw the majority of incarceration during this period, will be the focus of this research. The local gaols were populated by those serving sentences of six months or less and saw high rates of recidivism. The highest rates of recidivism occurred among women who were known to intentionally institutionalise themselves in a seasonal manner. This research will account for spatial and temporal patterns through mapping and other data visualisation techniques. It will examine the relationship between crime, incarceration, and policing. It will explore criminality and incarceration within both rural and urban contexts. Seasonal variations within these patterns are of particular interest. This Ph.D. seeks to shed light on who was being incarcerated during this period and why. Using the recently digitised Irish Prison Registers 1790 to 1924 and records from the Public Records Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI), this exploratory study will adopt a Historical Geographic Information Systems/Science (HGIS) methodology to better understand the geography and demography of nineteenth-century women’s criminality and incarceration. The prison registers contain a wealth of demographic information alongside spatial and temporal information concerned not only with offences and sentencing but also personal details. This wealth of information will allow this Ph.D. to uncover spatiotemporal and statistical patterns of women’s criminality and incarceration in nineteenth-century Ireland at an unprecedented scale.

Pat O'Brien

Pat O'Brien 

Name: Pat O'Brien

Areas of InterestTaxation, income tax, Pay As You Earn, Revenue Commissioners, exchequer receipts

Working Thesis Title: From Class tax to Mass Tax’ – the origins and evolution of personal income taxation in Ireland, 1912 to 1990.’

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó Corráin

Email: pat.obrien58@mail.dcu.ie

I am a PhD track candidate at the School of History & Geography in DCU. I completed a master’s degree in modern Irish History in 2022. My MA dissertation topic was ‘The Pivot of modern Ireland’s tax system – the introduction of Pay As You Earn, 1950 – 1960’. I have worked in tax practice for over forty years, initially with the Office of the Revenue Commissioners and subsequently as a senior executive with two of the global ‘Big 4’ accounting firms. I am currently a consultant with BDO Ireland, a leading provider of professional services in Ireland and internationally. Time and weather permitting, I like to sail occasionally.

My particular focus is in the area of tax history; however, I am also interested in military history, (having served as a commissioned officer in the Reserve Defence Force for over thirty years) and in the history of Dublin city and county. I am a member of the Military History Society of Ireland and of the Old Dublin Society.

Taxation, the ability to impose and collect public revenue, is a fundamental indicator of sovereignty as well as being a key point of intersection between the citizen and the state. My PhD thesis project deals with the evolution of the Irish personal income tax in the period from 1912 to 1990. Beginning with the taxation provisions contained in the 1912 Home Rule Act as they were intended to apply to Ireland, the study traces the evolution of the income tax from a tax initially paid only by a relatively wealthy minority, to one which is paid by virtually all income recipients, and which became, from the latter part of the 20th century, the bedrock of Ireland’s exchequer receipts. Topics considered include the transition from British to Irish rule and the extent to which newly acquired independence influenced the application of taxation in Ireland, whether the opportunity was taken during the early days of the State to develop a distinctly Irish taxation system and how it compared to and was influenced by other countries, such as the UK and US. Other topics considered include the manner in which income tax has influenced. and been influenced by. issues in Irish society, including resistance to and protest against perceived inequality in the tax system, including gender-based inequality and wealth distribution.

Publications:

‘Why did the Revenue Commissioners not want to bring in PAYE?’

 – RTE Brainstorm  https://www.rte.ie/brainstorm/2022/1104/1333171-ireland-paye-tax-system-1960-revenue-commissioners/

‘The Universal Social Charge’, Irish Tax Review, Issue 1, 2011

‘UK Developments in the Remittance Basis of Taxation’ (with Audrey Lydon), Irish Tax Review, Issue 3, 2015.

‘Employment Status: The saga continues’, Irish Tax Review, Issue 3, 2016

‘PAYE Modernisation: A practitioner's perspective’, Irish Tax Review, Issue 1, 2018.

‘Delivered to your door: the Domino’s Pizza case and employment status’, Irish Tax Review, Issue 2, 2020.

‘‘A great engine of finance’ – PAYE 60 years on’, Irish Tax Review, Issue 2, 2021.

 

Research Students Co-Supervised by Other Schools:

Héctor Muiños Olivas

Héctor Muiños Olivas

Name: Héctor Muiños Olivas

Area of Research: Creative Writing, Historical Fiction, Characterisation

Thesis Title: My Name Is John Tyndall – a novel. And: ‘So now get up.’ The construction of fictional characters from historical evidence in Hilary Mantel’s Cromwell trilogy.

Supervisors: Dr Darran McCann (School of English, principal supervisor) and Dr Juliana Adelman (secondary supervisor)

Email: hector.muinosolivas2@mail.dcu.ie

 

 

Héctor Muiños is a PhD Candidate in Creative Writing at DCU working under the supervision of Dr Darran McCann. His research explores how characters are created in historical fiction from both a creative and a theoretical perspective.

The creative component is a historical novel, My Name is John Tyndall, which, though based on the life of the eponymous Irish scientist, incorporates significant fictional innovations – the story follows an unnamed protagonist, a gifted, impoverished young autodidact with scientific aspirations who assumes Tyndall’s identity and goes on to become the pioneer physicist the public knows today.

The critical component is a dissertation analysing the relationship between historical figures and their fictional representations. It focuses on the Cromwell trilogy (Wolf HallBring Up the Bodies and The Mirror & the Light) by Hilary Mantel, and on her depiction of Henry VIII’s minister.

Héctor holds an MA in Creative Writing from DCU. His research is supported by DCU’s School of English.

Meghann Gaffney

Meghann Gaffney 

Name: Meghann Gaffney 

Area of Research: Gender, history, literature, Irish, digital, singleness, society, culture

Thesis Title: TBC 

Supervisors:  Professor Gerardine Meaney (UCD) and Dr Leeann Lane (DCU)

Email: meghann.gaffney26@mail.dcu.ie

 

 

Meghann is a first-year PhD student with DCU School of History and Geography, and with UCD School of English, Drama, and Film. She holds a BA in English and History from DCU, and an MA in History from DCU. Her PhD research is funded by SFI and involves working with UCD Centre for Cultural Analytics to employ innovative methods from the digital humanities, and apply them to archival and literary material. An integral part of her work with the Centre, is analysing the diaries of Rosamond Jacob. Meghann's research is centred on the experiences and cultural representations of unmarried women's social lives in post-independence Ireland. She is particularly interested in the lived experiences of these women, and how they negotiated gendered social and cultural expectations. Her research aims to examine these experiences alongside the representations of singleness in fictional work, whilst also using new digital methods like social network analysis.

Asma Slaimi

Asma Slaimi

Name: Asma Slaimi

Supervisors:  Prof Noel O’Connor (School of Electronic Engineering), Dr Michael Scriney (School of Computing), Prof Fiona Regan (School of Chemical Sciences and DCU Water Institute) and Dr Susan Hegarty (School of History and Geography and DCU Water Institute)

Area of Research: Application of artificial intelligence and machine learning to the water domain

Thesis TitleData Analytics for Catchment Scale Water Management

Email: asma.slaimi@insight-centre.org

 

 

 

Asma Slaimi is a PhD student in the School of Electronic Engineering at Dublin City University (DCU). Her work is interdisciplinary and looks at the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning to the water domain, with a title: Data Analytics for Catchment Scale Water Management. The project is a targeted collaborative research project between DCU and Arup through the Insight Centre for Data Analytics, in conjunction with the DCU Water Institute.

Read more about the project here.

 

Name: Sharon McArdle 

Supervisors: Professor Eugene McNulty (School of English) & Dr Leanne Lane 

 

 

Recently completed PhDs:

Name: James Akpu 

Thesis Title: Irish Missionary Enterprise in Nigeria

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó Corráin

 

Name: Conor Murray 

Thesis Title: Sport in post-partition Ireland

Supervisor: Dr William Murphy 

 

Name: Andrew Dorman 

Thesis title: The Experience of Soldiering in Eighteenth-Century Ireland

Supervisor: Professor James Kelly 

 

Name: Michael Duggan 

Thesis Title: The State and the National School system 1898-1920

Supervisor: Professor James Kelly 

 

 

Name: Una Palcic

Thesis Title: Landholding, Society and Settlement in the barony of Demifore, Co Meath c.1750-c.1950

Supervisor: Dr Jonathan Cherry 

 

 

Name: Iemima Ploscariu

Thesis Title: Religious and ethnic minorities in interwar Romania

Supervisor: Dr Maria Falina 

 

Name: Deirdre Foley

Thesis Title: 'Women as citizens': women's groups and the commission on the status of women in Ireland, c. 1967-1979

Supervisor: Dr Leeann Lane 

 

Name: Gerard Hanley

Thesis Title: Labour relations, government and trade unionism in independent Ireland, 1922-1946

Supervisor: Dr Daithí Ó'Corráin